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Challenges in regulating the use of stimulant drugs for cognitive enhancement in normal individuals

Wayne Hall and John Strang.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 4853 words.

In this chapter we consider various approaches to regulating the use of putatively cognitively enhancing drugs (CED) such as stimulants. We focus on stimulant drugs (dexamphetamine,...

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Cognitive enhancement using noninvasive brain stimulation: weighing opportunity, feasibility, and risk

Priyanka P. Shah-Basak and Roy H. Hamilton.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 12786 words.

Therapies treat diseases, while enhancement improves normal abilities. We have referred to this notion of inorganically boosting the neural functions of healthy individuals as “cosmetic...

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Debunking the ethical neuroenhancement debate

Stephan Schleim and Boris B. Quednow.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 5559 words.

In this chapter we argue that the use of stimulant drugs as performance enhancers is neither new nor more common than it was decades ago. Our literature analysis of scientific sources from...

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Does modafinil improve cognitive functioning in healthy individuals?

Ahmed Dahir Mohamed.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 8580 words.

This chapter reviews neuropsychopharmacological evidence on the effects of modafinil on cognition in humans. The chapter shows that the cognitive- and attention-enhancing effects of...

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The effects of Modafinil on creativity: results from a randomized controlled trial

Ahmed Dahir Mohamed.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 8050 words.

This chapter reports on a randomized controlled trial that investigated the effects of modafinil on divergent and convergent thinking tasks of creativity. Sixty-four healthy volunteers...

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Enhancement and therapy: is it possible to draw a line?

Alex McKeown.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 10331 words.

Here I analyze the therapy/enhancement distinction as it relates to pharmaceutical cognitive enhancements claimed to improve capacities such as concentration and memory retention. I also...

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The ethical debate on human enhancement and cognitive enhancement by way of biotechnologies

Ruud ter Meulen.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 10538 words.

This chapter presents an overview of the main issues in the ethical debate on the use of biotechnologies to enhance human functioning, including cognitive enhancement technologies. In this...

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The evolutionary limits to neuroenhancement

Ralph Hertwig and Thomas Hills.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 6643 words.

In this chapter we focus on the pharmacological enhancement of cognitive traits and ask why traits such as attention and memory have not been more enhanced through evolution. In particular,...

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Exaggerating the benefits and downplaying the risks in the bioethical debate on cognitive neuroenhancement

Andreas Heinz and Sabine Müller.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 8146 words.

Proponents of cognitive neuroenhancement usually ground their argumentation on the assumption that effective neuroenhancers without serious risks and side effects exist or will exist soon....

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Introduction

Ruud ter Meulen, Ahmed Dahir Mohamed and Wayne Hall.

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neuropsychology. 5572 words.

This introductory chapter presents the objectives and structure of the volume and a short presentation of each chapter. The main objective of the book is to present evidence from...

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