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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer

Bill Luckin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health. 971 words.

Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was...

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Allen, Nathan

Richard J. Wolfe.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 1199 words.

Allen, Nathan (25 April 1813–01 January 1889), physician, social reformer, and public health advocate, was born in Princeton, Massachusetts, the son of Moses Allen and Mehitable Oliver,...

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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer

Bill Luckin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health. 1528 words.

Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire,...

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Austin, Harriet N.

Jane B. Donegan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 986 words.

Austin, Harriet N. (1825–1891), hydropathic physician and health and dress reformer, was born in Connecticut but raised in Moravia, New York. Little is known about her parentage or early...

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Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector

Margaret Pelling.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Surgery. 598 words.

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John Baker, druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah. His...

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Bentley, Charlotte Eliza (1915–1996), nurse and nursing activist

Kevin Brown.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Nursing Studies; Medicine and Health. 844 words.

Bentley, Charlotte Eliza (1915–1996), nurse and nursing activist, was born on 15 December 1915 at 63 Portland Court, Great Portland Street, London, the daughter of John Richard Bentley,...

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Biggs, Hermann Michael

Howard Markel.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health; Medical Microbiology and Virology; Pathology; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 994 words.

Biggs, Hermann Michael (29 September 1859–28 June 1923), pathologist, bacteriologist, physician, and public health official, was born in Trumansburg, New York, the son of Joseph Hunt Biggs...

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Billings, John Shaw

James H. Cassedy.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health; Education; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 2375 words.

Billings, John Shaw (12 April 1838–11 March 1913), army medical officer, library organizer, and public health activist, was born near Allensville, Indiana, the son of James Billings, a...

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Blackwell, Elizabeth

Regina Morantz-Sanchez.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1615 words.

Blackwell, Elizabeth (03 February 1821–31 May 1910), physician, reformer, and medical educator, was born in Bristol, England, daughter of Samuel Blackwell, a prosperous sugar refiner, and...

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Bowditch, Henry Ingersoll

John Harley Warner.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1847 words.

Bowditch, Henry Ingersoll (09 August 1808–14 January 1892), physician, public hygienist, and abolitionist, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, the son of Nathaniel Bowditch, a mathematician...

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