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Appropriate electrode sites and electrical characteristics for TENS

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 10628 words.

The success of TENS treatment depends on the use of safe and appropriate TENS technique. Uncertainty about optimal TENS technique is due in part to the variety of possible electrode...

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Clinical research on the efficacy of TENS

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 8695 words.

The acceptance of a treatment into mainstream medicine is influenced by a wide variety of factors. Traditionally, practitioners rely on information gleaned from their experience of using...

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Contraindications, precautions, and adverse events

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 9046 words.

Judgements about whether it is safe to use TENS are guided by whether it has the potential to increase the likelihood of an adverse event. Hazards associated with using TENS need to be...

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Evaluating TENS on a new patient—the supervised trial

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 5412 words.

There are no robust predictors to identify whether a new patient will respond to TENS, or what might be the most appropriate electrode sites and electrical characteristics to use for their...

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Future directions

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 4122 words.

The purpose of this book is to synthesize research findings on TENS to inform safe and appropriate TENS technique in clinical practice. Making sense of available research on TENS is...

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Introduction

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 4785 words.

Using electricity to relieve pain is an age-old technique that pre-dates the discovery of electricity. The ancient Egyptians used electric fish to treat various ailments. Transcutaneous...

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Mechanism of action of TENS

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 8318 words.

There has been an abundance of research using animal, healthy human, and patients on the mechanism of action of TENS. Activity in peripheral nerves generated during TENS will influence...

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Practicalities of using TENS for specific conditions and situations

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 6367 words.

Research studies have failed to evaluate different TENS techniques for specific conditions. Safe and appropriate TENS technique is based on the use of conventional TENS delivered at a...

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TENS equipment, techniques, and biophysical principles

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 9834 words.

The purpose of the electrical current delivered during TENS is to generate nerve impulses in peripheral nerve fibres to modulate the flow of nociceptive information and reduce pain. The...

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TENS for pain management

in Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Nursing Studies; Allied Health Professions. 7716 words.

Pain is a sensory and emotional experience often related to tissue damage. Pain requiring medical attention is common, with pain assessment and management often challenging. TENS is offered...

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