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Assessment of Postoperative Cognitive Decline

Suzan Uysal and David L. Reich.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 8547 words.

Neurocognitive outcome studies are a potentially rich source of information for evidence-based approaches to neuroprotection. This chapter provides a critical examination of assessment...

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Imaging Assessment of Brain Injury

Matthew A. Warner, Carlos Marquez de la Plata, David S Liebeskind and Ramon Diaz-Arrastia.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 7841 words.

Imaging plays a pivotal role in discerning the extent and nature of brain injuries. Advances in neuroimaging techniques have improved sensitivity for detecting smaller lesions, improved the...

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Neurological and Functional Outcomes Assessment

Suzan Uysal and Stephan A. Mayer.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 7272 words.

The evidence base for neuroprotection in critical care and perioperative medicine rests on outcomes research, a critical component of which is the quantitative assessment of the functional...

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Neurophysiologic Monitoring and Neuroprotection

Aws Alawi, Michael Reznik and Jan Claassen.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 8970 words.

One of the main goals of monitoring neurologically ill patients is detection of secondary brain injury early enough to intervene to prevent permanent damage. In some patients with impaired...

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Neuroprotection for Acute Ischemic Stroke

Diana Mayor and Michael Tymianski.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 7838 words.

Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the leading cause of acquired neurological disability worldwide. AIS most commonly occurs when a cerebral artery is occluded, leading to irreversible brain...

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Neuroprotection for Aortic Surgery and Stenting

Jared W. Feinman and John G. Augoustides.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 9668 words.

Despite recent advances, aortic surgery and stenting for an array of diseases still pose a significant risk of permanent and severe injury to the brain and/or spinal cord. These...

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Neuroprotection for Cardiac Arrest

Joseph H. Pitcher and David B Seder.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 11755 words.

This chapter reviews the pathophysiology of brain injury after resuscitation from cardiac arrest and describes a pragmatic approach to neuroprotection. Common mechanisms of brain injury in...

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Neuroprotection for Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Artery Stenting

Zirka H. Anastasian and Eric J. Heyer.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 6815 words.

Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) pose risks of cerebral injury and adverse neurological outcomes consisting of perioperative stroke and cognitive decline. This...

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Neuroprotection for General, Orthopedic, Peripheral Vascular, and ENT Surgery

Magdy Selim.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 5416 words.

Unlike stroke after cardiac and carotid surgery, stroke after general; orthopedic; peripheral vascular; and ear, nose, and throat surgery has not been investigated extensively. The...

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Neuroprotection for Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Julius Griauzde, Neeraj Chaudhary, Joseph J Gemmete, Aditya S Pandey and Guohua Xi.

in Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; General Anaesthesia; Neurology. 6527 words.

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a highly morbid condition. Neurological injury in ICH is the result of primary and secondary mechanisms. Traditional neuroprotective therapy in ICH has...

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