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Anatomy of the Expression of Emotions

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 10663 words.

A discussion of medical artists, wax modeling, and medical museums in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries is followed by an account of Charles Bell’s enormously successful book, Essays...

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Behind the Glories of War

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 7744 words.

The Peninsular War (1807–1814), contemporary military medical services, the famous British retreat to Corunna and evacuation from Spain to England, and the care and treatment of the wounded...

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Clinical Observations on the Nervous System

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 6262 words.

With his remarkable knowledge of anatomy and his analytical mind, Bell developed into an outstanding clinical neurologist even before the specialty had been invented. Thus it was that in...

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The Ebbing Tide

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 4187 words.

Charles Bell spent his final days in the chair of surgery at the University of Edinburgh. He was not well off and was disappointed that his reputation did not bring more referrals and...

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For God and Country

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 7574 words.

Charles Bell and his wife both had ecclesiastical backgrounds. Like many contemporary scientists, Bell was a creationist who believed in intelligent design. He not only published notes and...

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In and Out of the Central Nervous System

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 8393 words.

In 1811, Bell had printed privately a monograph titled Idea of a New Anatomy of the Brain. In it, Bell correctly showed that the anterior but not the posterior roots had motor functions....

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In the Beginning

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 6040 words.

Charles Bell was born in November 1774 in Fountainbridge, a suburb of Edinburgh. The city of Edinburgh at the end of the eighteenth century is described and an account is provided of the...

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An Introductory Snapshot

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 1459 words.

The name of Charles Bell has been given to a nerve, a facial palsy, a clinical sign, an involuntary muscle spasm, a muscle, and a fundamental law of physiology, making it well known to...

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London and the Great Windmill Street School

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 4898 words.

Charles Bell’s arrival in London in 1804 and interactions with various prominent surgeons are discussed. The existing medical educational system is described, including the various private...

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New Classrooms: Old Struggles

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 10133 words.

Charles Bell was an internationally renowned teacher of anatomy and surgery and an eloquent advocate of natural theology. His writings on the anatomy of expression had a major influence on...

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