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achievement motivation

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Business and Management.

Defined as the need to perform well or the striving for success, and evidenced by persistence and effort in the face of difficulties, achievement motivation is regarded as a central human...

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agility

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Human Resource Management.

Or organizational agility is the capacity of a business organization to adapt to long-run changes in products, markets, or technology. Agility is sometimes contrasted with ‘flexibility’,...

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burnout

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Business and Management.

A work-related condition of emotional exhaustion in which interest in work, personal achievement, and efficiency decline sharply and the sufferer is no longer capable of making decisions....

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critical mass

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A threshold number of users or customers needed for the sustainable growth of a product or service. Critical mass is required for the success of many online communities and for competing...

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extrinsic motivation

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Business and Management.

An incentive to do something that arises from factors outside the individual, such as rewards or penalties. The promise of a bonus if one meets agreed performance targets is an obvious...

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feedforward control

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

An approach to financial control in which managers try to anticipate problems in the future and take action before they occur. Compare feedback control.

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goal displacement

Overview page. Subjects: Human Resource Management — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The idea that the formal goals of an organization can be supplanted by a new set of objectives that reflect the interests of organizational leaders. The concept is applied particularly to...

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intrinsic reward

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Business and Management.

A positive outcome of performing work that is integral to the work task itself, such as love of or pride in one's work, a sense of challenge or achievement, etc.

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laissez-faire leader

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A leader who effectively abdicates from the leadership role by allowing members of the group freedom of action and providing little guidance or structure. Experimental studies of leadership...

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least preferred co-worker scale

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

(LPC Scale)

A measure used to identify the extent to which a leader is predominantly task-motivated or relationship-motivated. The participant is asked to think of the co-worker...

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