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accelerator

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Dentistry.

A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction, such as the addition of plaster of Paris to mineral trioxide aggregate. Heat may also act as an accelerator in speeding up the setting...

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angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Chemistry.

A group of drugs (e.g. lisinopril, captopril) used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive cardiac failure. Side-effects include dry mouth (xerostomia), glossitis, dry cough,...

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bacitracin

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Dentistry.

A mixture of related cyclic polypeptides produced by organisms of the licheniformis group of B. subtilis. Used systemically it is toxic, but used topically it is very effective in the...

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creosote

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Chemistry.

1 (wood creosote) An almost colourless liquid mixture of phenols obtained by distilling tar obtained by the destructive distillation of wood. It is used medically as an...

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degassing

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Dentistry.

The process of removing unwanted gases trapped in a metal casting to improve the quality of the casting.

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demineralization

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Chemistry.

A loss or removal of mineral salts from the tissues of the body. It occurs in dentine and enamel as part of the carious process. Enamel starts to demineralize when the plaque or saliva pH...

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dentinogenesis imperfecta

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Dentistry.

A disorder that is distinct from osteogenesis imperfecta, being restricted to teeth. Type 1 is caused by mutation in the DSPP gene that encodes dentin phosphoprotein and dentin sialoprotein.

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desiccate

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Dentistry.

To dry by physical or chemical means. It can occur in glass-ionomer restorations when isolated from contact with saliva.

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elastomer

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Chemistry.

A natural or synthetic rubber or rubberoid material, which has the ability to undergo deformation under the influence of a force and regain its original shape once the force has been...

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excision

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Dentistry.

The act of cutting out or removing an organ or tissue. Radical excision involves the removal of not only the lesion but also tissues which may be remote from the site of the lesion.

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