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Acute Uncomplicated Bronchitis

Sarina Sahetya.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 1808 words.

Acute bronchitis is a respiratory illness characterized predominantly by cough with or without sputum production that lasts for up to 3 weeks in the presence of normal chest radiography....

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Anthrax

Rebecca Smith.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 1605 words.

Anthrax spores are found in the soil in many parts of the world and usually cause disease in grazing animals. Human disease is typically seen in farmers, ranchers, and workers handling...

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Antibiotic Resistance

Eili Y. Klein.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 2505 words.

Antibacterial resistance threatens the ability of physicians to treat infections, reversing medical gains and increasing the probability of morbidity and mortality in infected patients....

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Appendicitis

David Scordino.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 2896 words.

Appendicitis is caused by acute inflammation of the appendix (usually secondary to obstruction) and can result in perforation, leading to peritonitis, sepsis, and/or abscess formation....

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Aseptic Meningitis

Michelle Sharp.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 1540 words.

Aseptic meningitis is defined as acute meningeal inflammation, fever, and headache in the absence of detectable organisms in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). Organisms involved can include...

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Atypical Pulmonary Infections

Rod Rahimi.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 2003 words.

Legionellosis or Legionnaires’ disease (LD) is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia and can cause rapidly progressive respiratory failure and septic shock. Respiratory symptoms...

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Bacterial Meningitis

Mary P. Chang.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 2007 words.

Bacterial meningitis is a bacterial infection causing inflammation of the meninges, the lining around the brain and spinal cord. It is important for emergency physicians to recognize...

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Botulism

Monica Mix.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 2535 words.

Botulism, caused by exposure to the botulinum toxin, is characterized by a symmetric, flaccid, and descending paralysis. There are four naturally occurring forms of botulism—foodborne...

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Brain Abscess

Sneha A. Chinai.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 2384 words.

A brain abscess is a life-threatening infection within the brain that originates as cerebritis and evolves into an encapsulated collection of purulent material. Epidemiologically, brain...

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Catheter-Associated Infections

Swathi Eluri.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 2394 words.

Catheter-associated infections, which often present as sepsis, include primary bloodstream infections that occur in the presence of intravascular catheters. They are not related to an...

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