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Acute Bacterial Meningitis

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 7633 words.

Acute bacterial meningitis may lead to major systemic complications. Early diagnosis and management of both community-acquired or nosocomial meningitis provide the best opportunity for...

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Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 7796 words.

Acute basilar artery occlusion may result in median and paramedian pontine infarction and a variety of other clinical pictures. Mortality remains high in patients with acute basilar artery...

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Acute Encephalitis

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 10139 words.

Patients with acute encephalitis are admitted to the neurosciences intensive care unit (NICU) when they become stuporous and have an urgent need for airway protection, or if seizures have...

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Acute Kidney Injury

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 4034 words.

Acute kidney injury is very common in hospital setting, and even minor increase in serum creatinine (0.3mg/dl) from baseline is independently associated with increased mortality and also...

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Acute Obstructive Hydrocephalus

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 4219 words.

Acute obstructive hydrocephalus may be urgently life-threatening. Enlargement of the ventricular system may appear as a result of a mass, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebellar hematoma,...

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Acute Spinal Cord Disorders

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 8761 words.

Accurate clinical description of acute damage to the spinal cord, appropriate stabilization, and early recognition of unstable spine fractures or dislocations are all immediate priorities....

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Acute White Matter Disorders

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 6488 words.

Three major disorders may need admission to the neurosciences intensive care unit (NICU), and these are acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, fulminant multiple sclerosis, and transverse...

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Agitation and Pain

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 8404 words.

This chapter discusses the evaluation and management of two common management issues in the NICU: agitation and pain. Agitation or delirium may be triggered by a toxic response to...

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Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 14824 words.

Patients who survive a major first aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage face the immediate risk of catastrophic rebleeding, rapidly developing hydrocephalus, potentially life-threatening...

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Anticoagulation and Thrombolysis

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks.

in The Practice of Emergency and Critical Care Neurology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 6766 words.

This chapter combines the best practices of management of anticoagulation and use of intravenous or intra-arterial tPA in acute stroke. Complications of each treatment are emphasized, as...

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