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Anatomy of the Expression of Emotions

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 10663 words.

A discussion of medical artists, wax modeling, and medical museums in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries is followed by an account of Charles Bell’s enormously successful book, Essays...

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Apprentice year 1863

Ann Scott, Mervyn Eadie and Andrew Lees.

in William Richard Gowers 1845-1915

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine. 14510 words.

The enactment of the Medical Act 1858 was followed by a new curriculum for medical students. This revived general science, ‘inspired by the belief that the dramatic results of science could...

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Apprentice years 1861–2

Ann Scott, Mervyn Eadie and Andrew Lees.

in William Richard Gowers 1845-1915

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine. 11356 words.

William began his apprenticeship in October 1861, three years after the belated enactment of the 1858 Medical Act. The new Act imposed some order on the previously chaotic structure of the...

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Behind the Glories of War

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 7744 words.

The Peninsular War (1807–1814), contemporary military medical services, the famous British retreat to Corunna and evacuation from Spain to England, and the care and treatment of the wounded...

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Brain Renaissance

Marco Catani and Stefano Sandrone.

April 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine. 304 pages.

This title marks the 500th anniversary of the birth and the 450th anniversary of the death of Vesalius. The authors translated Latin chapters of the Fabrica dedicated to the brain, a...

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Choosing neurology

Ann Scott, Mervyn Eadie and Andrew Lees.

in William Richard Gowers 1845-1915

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine. 6848 words.

Russell Reynolds must have influenced Gowers’ decision to specialize in neurology. By 1868 he had already invited his conscientious and able student to contribute to his multi-authored...

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Clinical Observations on the Nervous System

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 6262 words.

With his remarkable knowledge of anatomy and his analytical mind, Bell developed into an outstanding clinical neurologist even before the specialty had been invented. Thus it was that in...

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The Ebbing Tide

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 4187 words.

Charles Bell spent his final days in the chair of surgery at the University of Edinburgh. He was not well off and was disappointed that his reputation did not bring more referrals and...

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Family and schooling in Victorian England

Ann Scott, Mervyn Eadie and Andrew Lees.

in William Richard Gowers 1845-1915

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine. 3665 words.

William Richard Gowers was born in 1845, eight years after Queen Victoria came to the throne. His achievements as a neurologist were formally recognized by the Queen when he received a...

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For God and Country

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 7574 words.

Charles Bell and his wife both had ecclesiastical backgrounds. Like many contemporary scientists, Bell was a creationist who believed in intelligent design. He not only published notes and...

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