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The Burden of the Feebleminded

James W. Trent.

in Inventing the Feeble Mind

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 17339 words.

In 1876, the superintendents of the six institutions for idiots formed the Association of Medical Officers of American Institutions for Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Persons. The Association...

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Edward Seguin and the Irony of Physiological Education

James W. Trent.

in Inventing the Feeble Mind

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 10637 words.

“The apostle to the idiots,” Edward Seguin (né Edouard Seguin) developed the first method, physiological education, for the education of idiots. Around 1850 he emigrated from France to the...

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Idiots in America

James W. Trent.

in Inventing the Feeble Mind

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 17133 words.

The chapter first considers the place of idiots in colonial America and in the early republic of the United States. During the period most Americans saw idiots as an expected part of their...

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Intellectual Disability and the Dilemma of Doubt

James W. Trent.

in Inventing the Feeble Mind

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 16935 words.

The decades since the passage of the 1990 Americans with Disability Act, have seen the continuing depopulation of the institutions. Today many have closed, and those that remain have...

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Inventing the Feeble Mind

James Trent.

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 392 pages.

Pity, disgust, fear, cure, and prevention—all are words that Americans have used to make sense of what today we call intellectual disability. Inventing the Feeble Mind explores the history...

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Living and Working in the Institution, 1890–1920

James W. Trent.

in Inventing the Feeble Mind

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 16460 words.

Chapter 4 considers the internal workings of the American institution between 1890 and 1920, when public and private institutions increased in size and spread in number. The institution in...

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The Menace of the Feebleminded

James W. Trent.

in Inventing the Feeble Mind

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 23871 words.

Around 1910 the meaning of intellectual disability shifted from feeblemindedness as a burden to a menace. Thus, the simple idiot of the 1850s and burdensome feebleminded of the late 19th...

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The Remaking of Intellectual Disability

James W. Trent.

in Inventing the Feeble Mind

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 20605 words.

The 1950s began two decades of the greatest growth in the populations of institutions for intellectually disabled children and adults. During the time, physicians routinely told families to...

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Sterilization, Parole, and Routinization

James W. Trent.

in Inventing the Feeble Mind

November 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; History of Medicine. 19853 words.

During the years between the Great Depression and end of World War II, intellectual disability, like the rest of the nation, experienced a period of social and economic stress. For two...

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