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Acid–Base and Electrolyte Disorders

John A. Kellum.

in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 4762 words.

An important principle in the management of electrolytes with CRRT is that “you get what you replace”. With hemofiltration all electro-lytes are freely removed (sieving coefficients near 1)...

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Acid-base disorders

John A Kellum.

in Renal and Metabolic Disorders

December 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 1439 words.

Increased intake, altered production or impaired/excessive excretion of acid or base leads to derangements in blood pH. With time, respiratory and renal adjustments correct the pH toward...

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Acute kidney injury

Greta L. Piper and Lewis J. Kaplan.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Nephrology. 5426 words.

AKI is increasingly common and continues to be associated with significantmorbidity and mortality. Although the understanding of certain etiologies andmechanisms has improved, the general...

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Acute kidney injury in cirrhosis

Mitra K. Nadim and Neesh Pannu.

in Renal and Metabolic Disorders

December 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 3328 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a relatively frequent complication of end-stage liver disease, occurring in up to 20 percent of hospitalized patients with cirrhosis. Renal function and the...

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Acute kidney injury in special circumstances

Shamik Shah and Jorge Cerdá.

in Renal and Metabolic Disorders

December 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 3220 words.

In contemporary practice, most common forms of acute kidney injury (AKI) are associated with sepsis, or occur and after cardiac surgery or radio-contrast administration. Little has changed...

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Acute Renal Failure Including Hepatorenal Syndrome

A Maarouf and Ali Al-Khafaji.

in ICU Care of Abdominal Organ Transplant Patients

January 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Transplant Surgery; Nephrology. 3182 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is not uncommon in the setting of liver dysfunction. In general, AKI is defined as a rapid decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), leading to accumulation of...

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Adrenal disease in critical care

Abhinetri Pandula and James Desemone.

in Renal and Metabolic Disorders

December 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 2431 words.

Chapter 20 discusses Adrenal disease in critical care, including Adrenal insufficiency, Hypercortisolism—Cushing’s syndrome, Primary aldosteronism—Conn syndrome, and Androgen-secreting...

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AKI and sepsis

Jorge Cerdá.

in Renal and Metabolic Disorders

December 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 1692 words.

Chapter 3 discusses Acute kidney injury (AKI), which is a frequent complication of sepsis: up to 65 percent of patients with septic shock develop AKI and their mortality is as high as 20–60...

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AKI I: The critically ill patient

Aditya Uppalapati and John A. Kellum.

in Renal and Metabolic Disorders

December 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 2156 words.

Chapter 1 discusses acute kidney injury (AKI), and includes Oliguria, Classification, Incidence and progression, Risk factors and Etiology for AKI, Nephrotoxins, Management of Acute Renal...

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Alarms and Troubleshooting

Zaccaria Ricci, Ian Baldwin and Claudio Ronco.

in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology. 2744 words.

Veno-venous CRRT rely on the use of a temporary double lumen catheter, typically inserted into one of the central veins (femoral, subclavian or jugular). Ideal catheter type, size and site...

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