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Anderson, Garland

James V. Hatch.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Plays and Playwrights); Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 1191 words.

Anderson, Garland (1886–31 May 1939), playwright and minister, was born in Wichita, Kansas. Little is known about his parents, although his mother is said to have been an active reformer...

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Austin, Harriet N.

Jane B. Donegan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 986 words.

Austin, Harriet N. (1825–1891), hydropathic physician and health and dress reformer, was born in Connecticut but raised in Moravia, New York. Little is known about her parentage or early...

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Bodie, Walford [real name Samuel Murphy Bodie] (1869–1939), music-hall entertainer

Dave Russell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Performing Arts; Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 1027 words.

Bodie, Walford [real name Samuel Murphy Bodie] (1869–1939), music-hall entertainer, was born on 11 June 1869 at 33 George Street, Aberdeen, the son of William Bodie, journeyman baker, and...

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Cayce, Edgar

James R. Lewis.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Performing Arts; Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 938 words.

Cayce, Edgar (18 March 1877–03 January 1945), psychic "reader" and influential figure in "alternative" medicine and spirituality, psychic “reader” and influential figure in “alternative”...

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Dowie, John Alexander (1847–1907), faith healer and leader of a religious group

Alexander Gordon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations; Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 1112 words.

Dowie, John Alexander (1847–1907), faith healer and leader of a religious group, was born in Leith Street Terrace, Edinburgh, on 25 May 1847, the son of John Dowie, a breeches maker, and...

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Esdaile, James (1808–1859), East India Company surgeon and mesmerist

Waltraud Ernst.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Surgery. 1929 words.

Esdaile, James (1808–1859), East India Company surgeon and mesmerist, was born on 8 February 1808 in Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, the eldest son of the Revd James Esdaile and his wife,...

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Fowler, Orson Squire

Madeleine B. Stern.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; History of Science and Technology; Architecture; Art Education. 1086 words.

Fowler, Orson Squire (11 October 1809–18 August 1887), phrenologist and publisher, was born in Cohocton, Steuben County, New York, the son of Horace Fowler, a farmer, and Martha Howe. He...

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Hall, Spencer Timothy (1812–1885), writer and mesmerist

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Literature. 897 words.

Hall, Spencer Timothy (1812–1885), writer and mesmerist, was born on 16 December 1812 in a cottage near the village of Sutton in Ashfield in Sherwood Forest, Nottinghamshire, the son of...

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Kellogg, John Harvey

Richard W. Schwarz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Surgery; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1941 words.

Kellogg, John Harvey (26 February 1852–14 December 1943), physician, surgeon, and health reformer, was born in rural Livingston County, Michigan, the son of John Preston Kellogg and Anne...

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Martel, Linda (1956–1961), healer

Gregory Cox.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 793 words.

Martel, Linda (1956–1961), healer, was born on 21 August 1956 at Amherst Maternity Home, St Peter Port, Guernsey, the fifth of the six children of John Royston (Roy) Martel (1916–1979),...

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