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Absolute Measurements of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor and Interleukin-1-β mRNA Levels Accurately Predict Treatment Response in Depressed Patients

Annamaria Cattaneo, Clarissa Ferrari, Rudolf Uher, Luisella Bocchio-Chiavetto, Marco Andrea Riva and Carmine M. Pariante.

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

P ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 8487 words.

Background:

Increased levels of inflammation have been associated with a poorer response to antidepressants in several clinical samples, but these findings...

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Acquired calculation disorders

Marinella Cappelletti.

in Oxford Textbook of Cognitive Neurology and Dementia

June 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Psychiatry. 4541 words.

Acalculia is an acquired disorder of number processing and calculation skills following cerebral damage. It can be very incapacitating as it interferes with everyday activities such as...

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Acquired disorders of language and speech

Dalia Abou Zeki and Argye E. Hillis.

in Oxford Textbook of Cognitive Neurology and Dementia

June 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Psychiatry. 8845 words.

This chapter describes various disorders of language (clinical aphasia syndromes) and speech articulation (dysarthrias). The most common cause of both aphasia and dysarthria is stroke,...

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Activation of Protein Kinases and Phosphatases Coupled to Glutamate Receptors Regulates the Phosphorylation State of DARPP32 at Threonine 75 After Repeated Exposure to Cocaine in the Rat Dorsal Striatum in a Ca<sup>2+</sup>-Dependent Manner

Jieun Kim, In Soo Ryu, Su Yeon Seo and Eun Sang Choe.

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

November 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 5785 words.

Background:

Phosphorylation state of dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein, molecular weight 32kDa (DARPP32) is crucial to understand drug-mediated...

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Activational and effort-related aspects of motivation: neural mechanisms and implications for psychopathology

John D. Salamone, Samantha E. Yohn, Laura López-Cruz, Noemí San Miguel and Mercè Correa.

in Brain

May 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neurology; Psychiatry. 18091 words.

Motivation is critical for survival, and involves multiple behavioural functions mediated by a number of interacting neural circuits. Salamone et al. review basic neuroscience research,...

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Adolescent Transition to Adulthood and Vocational Issues

Robin L. Gabriels.

in Autism Spectrum Disorders

May 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Neurology; Neuroscience. 12146 words.

This chapter provides a framework for understanding the unique obstacles to helping adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) acquire the life skills needed to enhance their...

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Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Marsha Mailick Seltzer, Jan S. Greenberg, Julie Lounds Taylor, Leann Smith, Gael I. Orsmond, Anna Esbensen and Jinkuk Hong.

in Autism Spectrum Disorders

May 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Neurology; Neuroscience. 10537 words.

This chapter summarizes the available research and provides an in-depth report of the findings from an ongoing longitudinal study, “Adolescents and Adults with Autism.” It focuses on the...

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Agomelatine Increases BDNF Serum Levels in Depressed Patients in Correlation with the Improvement of Depressive Symptoms

Giovanni Martinotti, Mauro Pettorruso, Domenico De Berardis, Paola Annunziata Varasano, Gabriella Lucidi Pressanti, Valeria De Remigis, Alessandro Valchera, Valerio Ricci, Marco Di Nicola, Luigi Janiri, Giovanni Biggio and Massimo Di Giannantonio.

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

P ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 3604 words.

Background:

Agomelatine modulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression via its interaction with melatonergic and serotonergic receptors and has...

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Agonist and Antagonist Effects of Aripiprazole on D<sub>2</sub>-Like Receptors Controlling Rat Brain Dopamine Synthesis Depend on the Dopaminergic Tone

Guo Fen Ma, Noora Raivio, Josefa Sabrià and Jordi Ortiz.

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

P ublished online January 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 6522 words.

Background:

The atypical antipsychotic drug aripiprazole binds with high affinity to a number of G protein coupled receptors, including dopamine D2 receptor...

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Alcohol-related dementia (alcohol-induced dementia; alcohol-related brain damage)

Jane Marshall.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Neurology. 3370 words.

Long-term heavy alcohol consumption causes significant brain abnormalities and impairs cognitive functioning. A number of terms have been used to describe these effects, including:...

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