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You are looking at 1-10 of 66 items for:

Epidemiology x Public Health x clear all

Capacity building

Mike Rayner, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Julianne Williams, Karen McColl and Shanthi Mendis.

in An Introduction to Population-level Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases

March 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 3116 words.

This chapter opens with a definition of capacity building and the history of its emergence as a concept. It outlines how capacity is required at the level of the environment, within...

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Case Study

Jonathan Platt, Katherine M. Keyes and Sandro Galea.

in Population Health Science

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 7081 words.

Questions about maximizing efficiency and equity are core considerations that inform how population health interventions are developed and implemented. Any population health intervention...

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Case Study

Jonathan Platt, Katherine M. Keyes and Sandro Galea.

in Population Health Science

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 4947 words.

In the United States, an estimated 17% of children age 2 to 19 years are considered obese; 32% are overweight. Worldwide, 12.9% to 23.8% of children are obese, and the prevalence is...

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Causal Architecture and What Matters Most

Katherine M. Keyes and Sandro Galea.

in Population Health Science

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 3884 words.

An approach is outlined for identifying the underlying factors that shift population health and focuses on assessing the prevalence of such factors and their co-occurrence with other...

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Causal Architecture to Understand What Matters Most

Katherine M. Keyes and Sandro Galea.

in Population Health Science

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 5783 words.

An overview is provided for approaching population health science as a study of the causal architecture that underlies disease incidence. The aim in articulating the foundations of...

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The Causes of Cases Versus Causes of Incidence

Katherine M. Keyes and Sandro Galea.

in Population Health Science

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 6167 words.

An overview is provided of the concept that population-level causes are different than individual-level causes. A description of the seminal work of Geoffrey Rose is used to illustrate the...

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Chance variation

Mark Elwood.

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

February 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 20563 words.

This chapter explains chance variation and statistical tests, including discrete and continuous measures, the concept of significance, one and two sided test, exact tests, precision and...

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Combining results from several studies: systematic reviews and meta-analyses

Mark Elwood.

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

February 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 15191 words.

This chapter explains systematic reviews, the PRISMA format, and meta-analysis. It discusses publication bias, outcome reporting bias, funnel plots, the issue of false positive results in...

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Communicable disease epidemics

Sarah O’Brien.

in Oxford Handbook of Public Health Practice

February 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Public Health; Epidemiology. 3199 words.

After reading this chapter you should be able to define the terms ‘communicable disease’, ‘epidemic’, and ‘outbreak’, explain the principles of preventing communicable disease, explain the...

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Conceptualizing and Evaluating Causes for Population Health Science

Katherine M. Keyes and Sandro Galea.

in Population Health Science

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health; Epidemiology. 4256 words.

Central to the study of population health is a concern with understanding the causes of health and disease in populations, why health and disease are distributed differently across...

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