in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Surgery. 1929 words.
Esdaile, James (1808–1859), East India Company surgeon and mesmerist, was born on 8 February 1808 in Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, the eldest son of the Revd James Esdaile and his wife,...