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Cruickshank, William

K. D. Watson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Surgery. 1090 words.

Cruickshank, William (d. 1810/11), military surgeon and chemist, was possibly born in north-east Scotland in the 1740s or 1750s. There is no record of his family, education, or early life,...

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polyethylene

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery — Chemistry.

Polyethylene refers to plastics from polymerization of ethylene gas. Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene has a very low frictional coefficient against metal and...

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Pryce, William

Alan Pearson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Petrology; Mineralogy and Gems; Surgery. 705 words.

Pryce, William (bap. 1735, d. 1790), surgeon, mineralogist, and antiquary, was born at Redruth, Cornwall, and baptized there on 14 June 1735. He was the only son (there was also a daughter,...

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Saugrain De Vigni, Antoine François

Philip K. Wilson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Surgery; Medicine and Health; Mineralogy and Gems. 1005 words.

Saugrain De Vigni, Antoine François (17 February 1763–18 or 19 May 1820), naturalist, mineralogist, surgeon, and physician, was born in Paris, France, the son of Antoine Claude Saugrain, a...

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Smee, Alfred

P. D. Buchanan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Surgery. 1029 words.

Smee, Alfred (1818–1877), chemist and surgeon, was baptized on 10 July 1818 at St Giles, Camberwell, Surrey, the second son of the four children of William Smee (1777–1858), accountant at...

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