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Science and Mathematics x Sustainability x Environment x clear all

Economics of Low Carbon Agriculture

Dominic Moran and Jorie Knook.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sociology; Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8703 words.

Climate change is already having a significant impact on agriculture through greater weather variability and the increasing frequency of extreme events. International policy is rightly...

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Ecosystem Management of the Boreal Forest

Timo Kuuluvainen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Biomes and Habitats; Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Sustainability. 11094 words.

Boreal countries are rich in forest resources, and for their area, they produce a disproportionally large share of the lumber, pulp, and paper bound for the global market. These countries...

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Ecosystem Services

Leon C. Braat.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Politics; Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Sustainability. 15492 words.

The concept of ecosystem services considers the usefulness of nature for human society. The economic importance of nature was described and analyzed in the 18th century, but the term ecosys...

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Ecosystem Services and Human Health

Elisabet Lindgren and Thomas Elmqvist.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Sustainability. 5458 words.

Ecosystem services refer to benefits for human societies and well-being obtained from ecosystems. Research on health effects of ecosystem services have until recently mostly focused on...

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Environmental Impacts of Tropical Soybean and Palm Oil Crops

Kimberly M. Carlson and Rachael D. Garrett.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Politics; Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming. 19371 words.

Oil crops play a critical role in global food and energy systems. Since these crops have high oil content, they provide cooking oils for human consumption, biofuels for energy, feed for...

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History of Ecological Design

Lydia Kallipoliti.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Politics; Environmental History; Sustainability. 23233 words.

The term ecological design was coined in a 1996 book by Sim van der Ryn and Stewart Cowan, in which the authors argued for a seamless integration of human activities with natural processes...

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How Environmental Degradation Impoverishes the Poor

Edward B. Barbier.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8565 words.

Globally, around 1.5 billion people in developing countries, or approximately 35% of the rural population, can be found on less-favored agricultural land (LFAL), which is susceptible to low...

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Integrated Pest Management

Jesse Eiben.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming. 397 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article.

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Material and Energy Flow Analysis

Vincent Moreau and Guillaume Massard.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sustainability; Research Methods in Life Sciences. 9523 words.

The concept of metabolism takes root in biology and ecology as a systematic way to account for material flows in organisms and ecosystems. Early applications of the concept attempted to...

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Mining, Ecological Engineering, and Metals Extraction for the 21st Century

Margarete Kalin, William N. Wheeler, Michael P. Sudbury and Bryn Harris.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Sustainability. 25782 words.

The first treatise on mining and extractive metallurgy, published by Georgius Agricola in 1556, was also the first to highlight the destructive environmental side effects of mining and...

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