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Science and Mathematics x History by Period x clear all

Alexander Robertus Todd

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1907–1997) British biochemist

Todd graduated from the university in his native city of Glasgow in 1928 and spent a further year there on a Carnegie Scholarship before going to the...

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algebra

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Computing.

The area of mathematics related to the general properties of arithmetic. Relationships can be summarized by using variables, usually denoted by letters x, y, n,… to stand for unknown...

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Andrea Cesalpino

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1524/5–1603),

Italian botanist, physician, anatomist, and metallurgist. He was born in Arezzo and studied medicine in Pisa, where in 1555 he became director of the botanical...

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Antarctic Détente

Adrian Howkins.

in Frozen Empires

February 2017; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Modern History (1700 to 1945). 15005 words.

This chapter examines the origins of the 1959 Antarctic Treaty, which suspended sovereignty claims and reservations of rights to Antarctica and created “a continent dedicated to peace and...

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Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1868–1951)

German physicist who modified the Bohr theory of the atom, suggesting that orbital electrons travelled in elliptical orbits.

The son of a physician, Sommerfeld...

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Arthur Holly Compton

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1892–1962)

US physicist, who became professor of physics at the University of Chicago in 1923. He is best known for his discovery (1923) of the Compton effect, for which he shared...

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Arthur Kornberg

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Science and Mathematics.

(1918–2007)

US biochemist who discovered how deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is replicated in the cell and reproduced the reaction in the test tube. He was awarded the 1959 Nobel Prize...

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Atoms for Peace in Latin America

Gisela Mateos and Edna Suárez-Díaz.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 7757 words.

On December 8, 1953, in the midst of increasing nuclear weapons testing and geopolitical polarization, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower launched the Atoms for Peace initiative....

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August von Wassermann

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Science and Mathematics.

(1866–1925)

German bacteriologist and immunologist who discovered a practical diagnostic test for syphilis (the Wassermann reaction) that, together with other tests, is still used...

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Brian David Josephson

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1940– )

British physicist, who was awarded the 1973 Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery of the Josephson effect.

Josephson was educated at Cardiff High School and...

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