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Science and Mathematics x Contemporary History (Post 1945) x clear all

Alexander Robertus Todd

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1907–1997) British biochemist

Todd graduated from the university in his native city of Glasgow in 1928 and spent a further year there on a Carnegie Scholarship before going to the...

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Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1868–1951)

German physicist who modified the Bohr theory of the atom, suggesting that orbital electrons travelled in elliptical orbits.

The son of a physician, Sommerfeld...

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Arthur Holly Compton

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1892–1962)

US physicist, who became professor of physics at the University of Chicago in 1923. He is best known for his discovery (1923) of the Compton effect, for which he shared...

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Arthur Kornberg

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Science and Mathematics.

(1918–2007)

US biochemist who discovered how deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is replicated in the cell and reproduced the reaction in the test tube. He was awarded the 1959 Nobel Prize...

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Atoms for Peace in Latin America

Gisela Mateos and Edna Suárez-Díaz.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 7757 words.

On December 8, 1953, in the midst of increasing nuclear weapons testing and geopolitical polarization, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower launched the Atoms for Peace initiative....

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August von Wassermann

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Science and Mathematics.

(1866–1925)

German bacteriologist and immunologist who discovered a practical diagnostic test for syphilis (the Wassermann reaction) that, together with other tests, is still used...

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Brian David Josephson

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1940– )

British physicist, who was awarded the 1973 Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery of the Josephson effect.

Josephson was educated at Cardiff High School and...

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Carl Bosch

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Science and Mathematics.

(1874–1940) German industrial chemist

Born in Cologne, Germany, Bosch was trained as both metallurgist and chemist and gained his doctorate under Johannes Wislicenus at Leipzig...

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Carl Franz Joseph Erich Correns

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Science and Mathematics.

(1864–1933)

German plant geneticist, whose breeding experiments contributed to the vindication of Mendel's genetic principles and helped establish the science of genetics.

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Carl Peter Henrik Dam

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1895–1976)

Danish biochemist who discovered vitamin K, for which he was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

The son of a chemist, Dam received his...

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