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Science and Mathematics x Regional and National History x clear all

Agricultural Transformations in Sugarcane and Labor in Brazil

Thomas D. Rogers.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Labour History; History of Science and Technology. 10178 words.

The Portuguese took sugarcane from their Atlantic island holdings to Brazil in the first decades of the 16th century, using their model of extensive agriculture and coerced labor to turn...

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American and German Geography ca. 1820–1919

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 19866 words.

The kindergarten, the elementary school, and the university, as developed in America, were largely the product of German influence. Well-established German universities attracted young...

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The American Antinuclear Movement

Paul Rubinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; US Cultural History; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 13401 words.

Spanning countries across the globe, the antinuclear movement was the combined effort of millions of people to challenge the superpowers’ reliance on nuclear weapons during the Cold War....

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American Foreign Policy and the Space Race

Teasel Muir-Harmony.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 9071 words.

The Soviet Union’s successful launch of the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957, captured global attention and achieved the initial victory in what would soon become...

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American Geography and Geographers

Geoffrey J. Martin.

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Book. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 1240 pages.

Commencing in the 1820’s, American scholars took learning in Germany. There they confronted forms of geography in the universities, and learned of the normal school tradition. Upon their...

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The Association of American Geographers and the American Society for Professional Geographers

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 9620 words.

The Association of American Geographers, founded in 1904 with forty-eight members, was the product of the fecund mind of William Morris Davis. Membership increased very slowly. Meanwhile, a...

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The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) and the Role of Religion and Health in Central America

Susan Fitzpatrick-Behrens.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; History of Religion; History of Science and Technology. 8945 words.

The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) is a transnational, religiously influenced health program in Central America created during the Cold War. ASECSA was founded in...

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beaver

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — History of the Americas.

The beaver is often taken as a type of industry, from its habit of gnawing through tree-trunks to make dams. Recorded from Old English (in form beofor) and of Germanic origin, the word...

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Boundary Water Treaty

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — History of the Americas.

A treaty that was signed in 1909 providing the principles and mechanisms to help resolve disputes and to prevent future ones relating to water quantity and water quality along the boundary...

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brewing

Overview page. Subjects: Regional and National History — Science and Mathematics.

The process by which beer is made. Fermentation of sugars from barley grain by the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. uvarum (or S. carlsbergenesis) produces alcohol (ethanol). In the...

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