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The American Antinuclear Movement

Paul Rubinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; US Cultural History; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 13401 words.

Spanning countries across the globe, the antinuclear movement was the combined effort of millions of people to challenge the superpowers’ reliance on nuclear weapons during the Cold War....

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American Foreign Policy and the Space Race

Teasel Muir-Harmony.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 9071 words.

The Soviet Union’s successful launch of the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957, captured global attention and achieved the initial victory in what would soon become...

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Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

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Argall, Sir Samuel

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1153 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (1580–24 January 1626), English explorer and colonial leader in early Virginia, was baptized at East Sutton, Kent, England, on 4 December 1580, the son of Richard Argall,...

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Bridger, James

Robert L. Gale.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1076 words.

Bridger, James (17 March 1804–17 July 1881), fur trapper and trader, explorer, and scout, was born in a tavern near Richmond, Virginia, the son of James Bridger, a surveyor and innkeeper,...

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Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet

John Sweetman and Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2503 words.

Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet (1773–1860), colonial governor and astronomer, was born at Brisbane House, Largs, Ayrshire, on 23 July 1773, the eldest son of Thomas Brisbane...

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brujería

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Psychology.

A name for rootwork in Spanish-speaking communities of the Caribbean and the southern United States, where it is also called mal puesto. [Spanish brujería witchcraft, from bruja a witch]

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Burnes, Sir Alexander

Katherine Prior.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Indian History; Politics; Middle Eastern History. 1016 words.

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer, fourth of the five sons of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of...

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Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel

Andrew Thrush.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday; Literary Studies (Travel Literature); US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1258 words.

Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author, was the elder son of the second marriage of John Butler (d. 1614) of the Toft, in...

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Byrd, William

Paul David Nelson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1347 words.

Byrd, William (1652–04 December 1704), Virginia colonial officer and planter, was born in London, England, the son of John Bird, a goldsmith, and Grace Stegge. Because his father was a...

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