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The American Antinuclear Movement

Paul Rubinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; US Cultural History; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 13645 words.

Spanning countries across the globe, the antinuclear movement was the combined effort of millions of people to challenge the superpowers’ reliance on nuclear weapons during the Cold War....

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American Foreign Policy and the Space Race

Teasel Muir-Harmony.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 9071 words.

The Soviet Union’s successful launch of the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957, captured global attention and achieved the initial victory in what would soon become...

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Atoms for Peace in Latin America

Gisela Mateos and Edna Suárez-Díaz.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 7757 words.

On December 8, 1953, in the midst of increasing nuclear weapons testing and geopolitical polarization, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower launched the Atoms for Peace initiative....

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Barker, John (1771–1849), diplomatist and horticulturist

Arthur H. Grant.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Agriculture and Farming. 557 words.

Barker, John (1771–1849), diplomatist and horticulturist, was born at Smyrna on 9 March 1771. His father, William Barker, of The Hall, Bakewell, Derbyshire, was on his way from Florida to...

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Barlow, Joel

Carla J. Mulford.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Diplomatic History; International Relations; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 2713 words.

Barlow, Joel (24 March 1754–26 December 1812), businessman, diplomat, and poet, was born in Redding, Connecticut, the son of Samuel Barlow and Esther Hull, fairly well-to-do farmers. Barlow...

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Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul

Howard Temperley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; African History; Maps and Map-making. 751 words.

Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul, was born near Whitby. Little is known about his early years beyond the fact that in 1805, while serving aboard a coasting...

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Brown, Albert Richard (1839–1913), shipping agent and consul for Japan

Iain F. Russell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 1090 words.

Brown, Albert Richard (1839–1913), shipping agent and consul for Japan, was born on 29 August 1839 at Ringwood, in Hampshire, the son of Richard Brown, wine merchant and clerk to the...

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Brühl, John Maurice [Hans Moritz], Count von Brühl (1736–1809), diplomatist and patron of science

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1742 words.

Brühl, John Maurice [Hans Moritz], Count von Brühl (1736–1809), diplomatist and patron of science, was born on 20 December 1736 at Wiederau, north-west of Dresden, the son of Friedrich...

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Delaval, George (bap. 1668, d. 1723)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; History; History of Agriculture; Diplomatic History; International Relations; Agriculture and Farming. 1 words.

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Draper, William Franklin

John Potter.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Engineering and Technology; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1237 words.

Draper, William Franklin (09 April 1842–28 January 1910), textile machinery manufacturer and inventor, congressman, and ambassador to Italy, was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, the son of...

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