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The chemistry of life

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 4411 words.

From very simple molecular building blocks, life has created an astonishing diversity of molecules, some of which are extremely complex structures that prove very difficult to synthesize in...

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The chemistry of the senses

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 3562 words.

Naturally occurring organic molecules play an important role in the way we perceive the world through the senses of sight, taste, and smell. In addition, many synthetic organic molecules...

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The fundamentals

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 3632 words.

‘The fundamentals’ investigates why the element carbon is so suited for the generation of so many compounds. Carbon has atomic number six, meaning it has six protons in its nucleus and six...

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Introduction

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 946 words.

Organic chemistry is the study of carbon-based compounds in terms of their structure, properties, and synthesis. One reason for considering organic chemistry as a specialist field is...

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Nanochemistry

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 3871 words.

Nanochemistry involves the synthesis of molecular nanostructures measuring 1–100nm. These could serve as molecular components for nanorobots and other molecular devices that could be used...

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Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Graham Patrick.

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 200 pages.

Organic chemistry is the chemistry of compounds of carbon. As well as being central to life, in the form of large molecules such as nucleic acids and proteins, organic compounds are...

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Pesticides

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 4443 words.

Pesticides are organic chemicals produced by the agrochemical industry to improve agricultural yields and to fight crop disease. They include insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides, which...

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Pharmaceuticals and medicinal chemistry

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 4938 words.

One of the most important applications of organic chemistry involves the design and synthesis of pharmaceutical agents—a topic defined as medicinal chemistry. ‘Pharmaceuticals and medicinal...

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Polymers, plastics, and textiles

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 3551 words.

Over the last fifty years, synthetic materials have largely replaced natural materials such as wood, leather, wool, and cotton. Plastics and polymers are perhaps the most visible sign of...

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The synthesis and analysis of organic compounds

Graham Patrick.

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Inorganic Chemistry. 5206 words.

The design of novel medicines, insecticides, perfumes, flavourings, or polymeric materials relies crucially on organic chemists. ‘The synthesis and analysis of organic compounds’ outlines...

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