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Science and Mathematics x Condensed Matter Physics x clear all

A-15 superconductors

A.V. Narlikar.

in Superconductors

April 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 5638 words.

This chapter describes the prominent characteristics of A-15 superconductors, which constitute the second generation of low-temperature conductors, extensively used to supplement and boost...

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<i>Ab initio</i> structure solution

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard.

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

October 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 24826 words.

This chapter describes general approaches to the ab initio solution of crystal structures from X-ray or neutron powder diffraction data. The steps in the process, unit cell determination...

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THE ABSOLUTE POSITION OF EQUILIBRIA

C. N. Hinshelwood.

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

October 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 12706 words.

This chapter discusses the state of equilibria. Topics covered include quantum statistics, absolute calculation of equilibria, absolute entropy of a monatomic gas, factors determining the...

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Acid–Base Equilibria and Salt Formation

Brian G. Cox.

in Acids and Bases

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 5352 words.

Acid–base equilibria involving salt formation and the generation of reactive intermediates, such as enolates, are discussed. The absence of the solvated proton in the equilibria means that,...

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Acid–Base Equilibria: Quantitative Treatment

Brian G. Cox.

in Acids and Bases

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 4051 words.

Quantitative treatment of acid–base behaviour is presented, including the definition of acids, bases, and dissociation constants, and the important relationships between solution pH, acid...

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Acids and Bases

Brian G. Cox.

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 160 pages.

Acids and bases are ubiquitous in chemistry. Our understanding of them, however, is dominated by their behaviour in water. Transfer to non-aqueous solvents leads to profound changes in...

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Acoustic and temperature waves

E. R. DOBBS.

in Helium Three

May 2001; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 7932 words.

This chapter examines 3He-4He mixtures with acoustic and temperature waves. Topics discussed include first sound, velocity of second sound, attenuation of second sound, oscillating...

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Acoustic Microscopy

Andrew Briggs and Oleg Kolosov.

September 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Book. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 384 pages.

Acoustic microscopy enables you to image and measure the elastic properties of materials with the resolution of a good microscope. By using frequencies in the microwave range, it is...

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Acoustic Modes

B. K. Ridley.

in Hybrid Phonons in Nanostructures

February 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 3409 words.

This chapter provides a classical account of the elasticity theory of acoustic modes in the diamond lattice. It contains the mathematical definitions of stress and strain and their mutual...

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Acoustically excited probe microscopy

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov.

in Acoustic Microscopy

September 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 10940 words.

Valiant attempts were made to increase the resolution of acoustic microscopy by employing ever higher frequencies and ever less attenuating coupling fluids. But this did not prove the...

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