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The architecture of the heavens

Owen Gingerich.

in Copernicus

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Physics. 1427 words.

During his studies, Copernicus learned three important details about celestial motions that would provide a fundamental foundation for his future astronomical work. First, the sun moves...

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The book nobody read

Owen Gingerich.

in Copernicus

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Physics. 4236 words.

An anonymous introductory essay was added to De revolutionibus. Rheticus was outraged by this unauthorized addition—later attributed to Andreas Osiander—as it suggested Copernicus’s work...

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Canon days and the <i>Little Commentary</i>

Owen Gingerich.

in Copernicus

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Physics. 3513 words.

Late in 1510, Copernicus’s passion for astronomy resulted in his leaving the Bishop’s Palace in Lidzbark Warminski for a residence in Frauenburg. Very little of his work over the next few...

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Cartesian Physics

Anthony Turner.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics

October 2013; p ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: History of Physics. 18653 words.

This article examines the physics of René Descartes. Descartes’ natural philosophy marks a significant moment in the larger history of physics. His system of natural philosophy was a novel,...

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Competing with Ptolemy

Owen Gingerich.

in Copernicus

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Physics. 2302 words.

In 1515, a full Latin translation of Ptolemy’s account of his geocentric cosmology was printed. Copernicus soon realized that his own radical cosmology would need a comparable book—with a...

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Copernicus

Owen Gingerich.

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Book. Subjects: History of Physics. 120 pages.

Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) was the astronomer whose shocking vision of a sun-centered universe turned out to be the essential blueprint for a physical understanding of celestial...

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Copernicus, the young scholar

Owen Gingerich.

in Copernicus

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Physics. 1915 words.

Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Torun, Poland, on February 19, 1473. When his father died in 1483, his maternal uncle, Lucas Watzenrode (who became bishop of Varmia in 1489), took over...

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Copernicus’s vision

Owen Gingerich.

in Copernicus

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Physics. 2381 words.

The Ptolemaic system, created by Claudius Ptolemaeus around AD 150, for the first time in history introduced a comprehensive geometrical structure from which the positions of the planets...

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De revolutionibus

Owen Gingerich.

in Copernicus

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Physics. 2147 words.

Soon after his return to Wittenberg, Rheticus was appointed dean of the university. This delayed his travel to the printer in Nuremberg, but after a year of teaching he was granted leave....

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Electricity and Magnetism to Volta

Jed Z. Buchwald.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics

October 2013; p ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: History of Physics. 5205 words.

This article focuses on developments in electricity and magnetism up to the time of Alessandro Volta. Until the late 1600s electricity as a subject reduced to what has been aptly termed the...

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