Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-10 of 22 items for:

Chemistry x Art x clear all

amethyst

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Chemistry.

The purple variety of the mineral quartz. It is found chiefly in Brazil, the Urals (Soviet Union), Arizona (USA), and Uruguay. The colour is due to impurities, especially iron oxide. It is...

See overview in Oxford Index

Archer, Frederick Scott

H. T. Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry; Art. 812 words.

Archer, Frederick Scott (1813–1857), inventor of the collodion process in photography, was the second son of Thomas Archer, a butcher at Hertford, where he was probably born. Orphaned as a...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

carbon black

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Art.

A fine carbon powder made by burning hydrocarbons in insufficient air. It is used as a pigment and a filler (e.g. for rubber).

See overview in Oxford Index

Dwight, John

Robin Hildyard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass; Medicinal Chemistry. 2230 words.

Dwight, John (1633x6–1703), chemist and potter, is presumed to have been born at Todenham in Gloucestershire, the second son of a yeoman farmer, George Dwight, and his wife, Joane Greenough...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Fletcher, Sir Lazarus

Robert Sharp.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Petrology; Mineralogy and Gems; Art; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1265 words.

Fletcher, Sir Lazarus (1854–1921), museum director and mineralogist, was born at 11 Williamson Street, Salford, on 3 March 1854, the eldest child of six sons and two daughters of Stewart...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Hunt, Robert

Alan Pearson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Photography and Photographs; Medicinal Chemistry. 1493 words.

Hunt, Robert (1807–1887), chemist and photographer, was born at Plymouth Dock (Devonport) on 6 September 1807, the posthumous only child of Robert Hunt (bap. 1781, d. 1807), carpenter on...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

indigo

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Art.

A blue vat dye, C16H10N2O2. It occurs as the glucoside indican in the leaves of plants of the genus Indigofera, from which it was formerly extracted. It is now made synthetically.

See overview in Oxford Index

linseed oil

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Chemistry.

A pale yellow oil pressed from flax seed. It contains a mixture of glycerides of fatty acids, including linoleic acid and linolenic acid. It is a drying oil, used in oil paints, varnishes,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Mond, Ludwig

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Financial Aspects of Art; Medicinal Chemistry. 3 words.

See Mond family

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Olsen, Fred

Albert B. Costa.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Financial Aspects of Art; Medicinal Chemistry. 1295 words.

Olsen, Fred (28 February 1891–02 November 1986), industrial chemist and art collector, was born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, the son of Fredrick Olsen, a textbook publisher, and...

Go to American National Biography Online »  home page