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Chemistry x Sports and Exercise Medicine x clear all

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alanine

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Chemistry.

(Ala, A)

Usually, l-α-alanine (89 Da), the aliphatic amino acid found in proteins. The isomer β-alanine is a component of the vitamin pantothenic acid and coenzyme A. See...

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anaerobic glycolysis

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Chemistry.

The incomplete breakdown of carbohydrate to form pyruvic acid. During anaerobic glycolysis. there is a net production of only two molecules of ATP for each molecule of glucose. See lactic...

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anaphylactic shock

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Chemistry.

A severe generalized form of anaphylaxis in which there is widespread release of histamine and other vasoactive substances causing edema, constriction of the bronchioles, heart failure,...

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aseptic technique

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Chemistry.

Procedures free from disease-causing organisms. When open wounds are being treated in hospital, for example, the air is filtered, instruments are autoclaved (sterilized by heat), and...

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baseline

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A level of performance or fitness prior to training, which is used as a standard to evaluate the effects of the training.

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biological value

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

(BV)

An estimate of how effective a food is in supplying the body with essential amino acids based on the ratio between nitrogen uptake and nitrogen excretion. In theory, the...

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brewers' yeast

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae used in brewing beer. Compare bakers' yeast.

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cross bridge

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

An extension of myosin that, according to the sliding-filament theory, attaches onto actin during a muscle action.

cross bridge

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Dalton's law

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Chemistry.

The total pressure of a mixture of gases or vapours is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of its components, i.e. the sum of the pressures that each component would exert if it were...

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fluidity

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Chemistry.

Reciprocal of viscosity; the SI unit for fluidity is the rhe, which is the reciprocal of the poise.

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