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Archer, Frederick Scott

H. T. Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry; Art. 812 words.

Archer, Frederick Scott (1813–1857), inventor of the collodion process in photography, was the second son of Thomas Archer, a butcher at Hertford, where he was probably born. Orphaned as a...

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Babcock, Stephen Moulton

Albert B. Costa.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Medicinal Chemistry. 1316 words.

Babcock, Stephen Moulton (22 October 1843–01 July 1931), agricultural chemist, was born near Bridgewater, New York, the son of Pelig Brown Babcock and Cornelia Scott, farmers. Babcock...

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Bacon, Francis Thomas [Tom]

Keith R. Williams.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Electrical Engineering; Medicinal Chemistry; Engineering (General). 1108 words.

Bacon, Francis Thomas [Tom] (1904–1992), engineer and developer of the fuel cell, was born on 21 December 1904 at Ramsden Hall, Ramsden Crays, Billericay, Essex, the second of three sons of...

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Baekeland, Leo Hendrik

Anthony N. Stranges and Richard C. Jones.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry. 3035 words.

Baekeland, Leo Hendrik (14 November 1863–23 February 1944), chemist and inventor, was born in St. Martens-Latem, near Ghent, Belgium, the son of Karel Baekeland, a cobbler, and Rosalia...

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Berkeley, Randal Thomas Mowbray Rawdon, eighth earl of Berkeley

John Shorter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; Medicinal Chemistry; Agriculture and Farming. 1054 words.

Berkeley, Randal Thomas Mowbray Rawdon, eighth earl of Berkeley (1865–1942), physical chemist and landowner, was born on 31 January 1865 at Ixelles, Brussels, the third son—but the only one...

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Blodgett, Katharine Burr

George Wise.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry. 1041 words.

Blodgett, Katharine Burr (10 January 1898–12 October 1979), chemist and inventor, was born in Schenectady, New York, the daughter of George Bedington Blodgett, a patent attorney for the...

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Brown, James

Tam Dalyell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Petrology; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Engineering and Technology; Mineralogy and Gems. 666 words.

Brown, James (1921–1993), petroleum engineer, was born on 13 March 1921 at 151 Cartvale Road, Glasgow, the son of William Brown, engineer's toolmaker, and his wife, Margaret-Ann, formerly...

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Coles, Sherard Osborn Cowper-

Robert Sharp.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry. 1194 words.

Coles, Sherard Osborn Cowper- (1866–1936), electrometallurgist and inventor, was born Sherard Osborn Cowper Coles on 8 October 1866 in Ventnor, Isle of Wight, the fourth son of Captain...

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Collier, John Gordon

L. Myrddin Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Technology of Industrial Chemistry; Medicinal Chemistry. 838 words.

Collier, John Gordon (1935–1995), chemical engineer, was born on 22 January 1935 at 84 Thrale Road, Streatham, London, the only child of John (Jack) Collier, a professional double bass...

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Cottrell, Frederick Gardner

Anthony N. Stranges and Richard C. Jones.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry. 1368 words.

Cottrell, Frederick Gardner (10 January 1877–16 November 1948), chemist and inventor, was born in Oakland, California, the son of Henry Cottrell, a confidential secretary to a San Francisco...

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