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aldotriose

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

A 3-carbon monosaccharide that contains an aldehyde group.

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aleuroplast

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

A leucoplast type of plastid that is involved in the storage of proteins.

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allosteric effect

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

The binding of a ligand to one site on a protein molecule in such a way that the properties of another site on the same protein are affected. Some enzymes are allosteric proteins, and their...

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Bell, (Ernest) Arthur

Ghillean T. Prance.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 945 words.

Bell, (Ernest) Arthur (1926–2006), plant chemist, was born on 20 June 1926 at 7 Balmoral Terrace, Gosforth, Northumberland, the son of a Northumbrian chartered accountant, Albert Bell, and...

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biuret reaction

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Chemistry.

A colorimetric reaction that serves as a basis for the qualitative and quantitative determination of proteins. It depends upon the fact that in a strongly alkaline solution, compounds such...

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Bodley, Rachel Littler

Janet Carlisle Bogdan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Medicinal Chemistry; Botany. 1115 words.

Bodley, Rachel Littler (07 December 1831–15 June 1888), botanist, chemist, and educator, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the daughter of Anthony Prichard Bodley, a carpenter and patternmaker,...

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Bridges, Robert

David L. Cowen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Botany. 859 words.

Bridges, Robert (05 March 1806–20 February 1882), chemist and botanist, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Culpeper Bridges, a merchant, and Sarah Cliffton. He was a student...

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bundle sheath

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Chemistry.

A layer surrounding a vascular bundle, usually consisting of parenchyma cells but sometimes of sclerenchyma. See C4 pathway.

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cyclic photophosphorylation

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

The synthesis of ATP during photosynthesis, coupled to the cyclic passage of electrons to and from P700, the specialized form of chlorophyll a which is involved in photosystem I, using a...

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Daubeny, Charles Giles Bridle

Nicholas Goddard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Botany. 2651 words.

Daubeny, Charles Giles Bridle (1795–1867), chemist and botanist, was born at Stratton, Gloucestershire, on 11 February 1795, the third and youngest son of the Revd James Daubeny, rector of...

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