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binary

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Probability and Statistics.

Describing a compound or alloy formed from two elements.

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binary representation

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Chemistry.

The representation of a number to base 2. It uses just the two binary digits 0 and 1, and this is the reason why it is important in computing. For example, 37=(100101)_{2}, since

37=(...

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binomial

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Mathematics.

An algebraic expression containing two distinct terms. For example, 3*x*+1 is a binomial expression, but 3*x*+2*x* is not as it can be simplified to 5*x*.

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cycle

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Computing.

Used for time: for example, ‘I could not find enough cycles today to finish my posting.’ It is derived from the cycle that represents the heartbeat of computer.

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decoding

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Chemistry.

The process of reconverting a coded message to the message from which it was encoded. See code.

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exhaustive search

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Computing.

A mechanical search algorithm that systematically examines all the nodes in a search tree, an example being a breadth-first search. Although usually very simple to program and requiring no...

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exp

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Mathematics.

The abbreviation and symbol for the exponential function.

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flip-flop

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Chemistry.

An electronic circuit that has two stable states. It is switched from one stable state to the other by means of a triggering pulse. They are extensively used as logic circuits in computers.

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homogeneous

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Mathematics.

Relating to only one phase, e.g. a homogeneous mixture, a homogeneous catalyst. Compare hetereogeneous.

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hyperbolic function

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Chemistry.

A set of functions, **sinh**, **cosh**, and **tanh**, that have similar properties to trigonometric functions but are related to the hyperbola in the manner that trigonometric functions are related to...