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cultural ecology

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Earth Sciences and Geography.

[Th]

An approach developed by Julian Steward in the 1930s that focused on the dynamic interactions between human societies and their environments. Within this approach, culture is...

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diluvialism

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Archaeology.

[Th]

View of early prehistory current in the 18th and 19th centuries ad which denied the antiquity of man witnessed by the discovery of fossil hominin remains and instead believed...

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high Technology

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Earth Sciences and Geography.

Any industry concerned with advanced technology, such as biotechnology, computers and microprocessors, fibre optics, aerospace, electronics-telecommunication, and pharmaceuticals (Fischer...

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lidar

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Meteorology and Climatology.

[Te]

Short for Light Detection and Ranging. LiDAR survey uses the well‐established principle of measuring distance by calculating the time taken by a pulse of light to reach a...

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Luminescence Dating

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Archaeology.

(OSL)

All sediments include low levels of uranium, thorium, and potassium which produce ionizing radiation, which accumulates over time, and is absorbed and stored within the...

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petrology

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Earth Sciences and Geography.

The study of rocks in general, including their occurrence, field relations, structure, origins and history (petrogenesis), and their mineralogy and textures (petrography). It may usefully...

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photogrammetry

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Earth Sciences and Geography.

The use of aerial photographs and images from remote sensing to measure terrestrial features. See J. Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing.

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pitchstone

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Archaeology.

A glassy igneous rock, rather like obsidian but with a waxy, resinous lustre owing to the absorption of water.

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plough mark

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Archaeology.

A depression, in some cases many metres deep and tens of metres wide, made on the sea floor by the base of an iceberg that is driven by wind and tide. Many plough marks are found near the...

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point-pattern analysis

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Earth Sciences and Geography.

For an examination of the method, potential, and limitations of two classes of point pattern analysis, see Bishop (2007) Area 39, 2.

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