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asphalt

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Architecture.

Brown or black, solid or semi-solid, bituminous substance made almost entirely of carbon and hydrogen. It melts between 65 and 95 °C and is soluble in carbon disulphide. It is formed by the...

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raft

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Architecture.

Type of foundation consisting of a solid slab, a slab with beams, or a cellular raft (containing a basement), all in reinforced concrete. It spreads the load from the building on the...

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thunderbolt

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology — Architecture.

A supposed bolt or shaft believed to be the destructive agent in a lightning flash, especially as an attribute of a god such as Jupiter or Thor.

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vane

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Architecture.

Banner-shaped plate of metal, or a weather-cock or -vane, placed on a pivot on a high part of a building, to point towards the direction from which the wind comes.

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