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current

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Earth Sciences and Geography.

1 A horizontal movement of water, for example along a stream or through an ocean.

2 The movement or flow of electricity.

3 Occurring...

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growler

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology — Maritime History.

A piece of low-lying ice floating in the sea in high northern or southern latitudes. It is difficult to see from a ship approaching it because of its dark colour. Growlers are formed of...

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loom

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology — Maritime History.

1 See oar.

2 An effect of refraction in a light fog at sea which makes objects look larger than they are. ‘That ship looms large’, the dim outline of a...

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roaring forties

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Maritime History.

Popular maritime term for the prevailing westerly winds which are commonly strong over the oceans in temperate latitudes of the southern hemisphere, particularly between about 40° S and 50°...

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Robert Fitzroy

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Meteorology and Climatology.

(1805–65),

British naval officer who is, perhaps, best remembered for the voyage of the Beagle, 1831–6, in which he was accompanied by the naturalist Charles Darwin. After working...

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synoptic chart

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Meteorology and Climatology.

A weather chart on which the isobars derived from a large number of weather station reports are drawn to provide a full picture of the position, shape, size, and depth of the various...

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weather lore

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology — Maritime History.

The ability of the seaman, before the days of marine meteorology, to foretell the weather by the appearance of the sky, change of direction of the wind, cloud formations, variation of...

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weather routing

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology — Maritime History.

The provision of information about the optimum route to be taken for shipping, the relocation of oil rigs, and similar tasks, with the aim of minimizing risk of damage to cargo, vessels, or...

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williwaw

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology — Maritime History.

A sudden violent gust of wind that can occur unpredictably along high-latitude, mountainous coastlines, particularly around the Aleutian Islands and the Straits of Magellan. Cold air from...

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