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Chalmers, James (1841–1901), missionary and explorer

Andrew Porter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Australasian and Pacific History; Religion and Education. 1400 words.

Chalmers, James (1841–1901), missionary and explorer, was born at Ardrishaig, Argyll, on 4 August 1841, the son of John Chalmers (1802–1869), a stonemason from Peterhead. His mother, Mary, null...

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Escalante, Silvestre Vélez de

Christopher J. Huggard.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Religion and Education. 1045 words.

Escalante, Silvestre Vélez de (fl. 1768–1780), Franciscan missionary and explorer, was born in Spain and arrived in New Spain in 1768. Very little is known of his early life and parentage....

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Garcés, Francisco Tomás Hermenegildo

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; World History; Maps and Map-making; Religion and Education. 960 words.

Garcés, Francisco Tomás Hermenegildo (12 April 1738–19 July 1781), Franciscan missionary, explorer, and martyr, was born in Morata del Conde (Aragón), Spain, the son of Juan Garcés and...

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Grenfell, George (1849–1906), Baptist missionary and explorer in Africa

E. H. Pearce.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion and Education; African History; Maps and Map-making. 1616 words.

Grenfell, George (1849–1906), Baptist missionary and explorer in Africa, was born at Ennis Cottage, Trannack Mill, Sancreed, near Penzance, Cornwall, on 21 August 1849, the son of George...

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Grubb, Wilfrid Barbrooke (1865–1930), missionary and explorer in Paraguay

John Stuart.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas; Religion and Education; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1573 words.

Grubb, Wilfrid Barbrooke (1865–1930), missionary and explorer in Paraguay, was born at Ferryhill, Liberton, Edinburgh, on 11 August 1865, the third of five children of John Barbrooke Grubb...

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Hislop, Stephen (1817–1863), missionary and geologist

C. L. Kingsford.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion and Education; Geology and the Lithosphere. 1010 words.

Hislop, Stephen (1817–1863), missionary and geologist, was born at Duns, Berwickshire, on 8 September 1817, the youngest of the six children of Stephen Hislop, mason and an elder in the...

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Hunter, Robert (1823–1897), Free Church of Scotland missionary, geologist, and lexicographer

T. B. Johnstone.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Linguistics; Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Religion and Education; Geology and the Lithosphere. 625 words.

Hunter, Robert (1823–1897), Free Church of Scotland missionary, geologist, and lexicographer, was born at Newburgh, Fife, on 3 September 1823, son of John Hunter, a clerk of the Inland...

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Kino, Eusebio Francisco

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Cartography; Religion and Education. 1004 words.

Kino, Eusebio Francisco (10 August 1645–15 March 1711), Jesuit missionary, explorer, and cartographer, was born in Segno (Tirol), near Trent in northern Italy, the son of Francisco Chini...

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Livingstone, David (1813–1873), explorer and missionary

A. D. Roberts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Religion and Education; African History. 9134 words.

Livingstone, David (1813–1873), explorer and missionary, was born on 19 March 1813 at Blantyre, Lanarkshire. He was the second son of Neil Livingstone (1788–1856) and his wife, Agnes...

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Marquette, Jacques

John Patrick Donnelly.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Religion and Education. 849 words.

Marquette, Jacques (01 June 1637–18 May 1675), Jesuit Nicolas missionary and explorer, was born at Laon, France, the son of Nicolas Marquette, a municipal councillor, and Rose de la Salle....

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