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Earth Sciences and Geography x Natural Disasters (Environmental Science) x clear all

Adaptive Governance

Ronald D. Brunner and Amanda H. Lynch.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online October 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science). 14183 words.

Adaptive governance is defined by a focus on decentralized decision-making structures and procedurally rational policy, supported by intensive natural and social science. Decentralized...

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Assessing Volcanic Hazard

Joan Martí Molist.

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Geology and the Lithosphere; Geophysics. 26578 words.

Volcanoes represent complex geological systems capable of generating many dangerous phenomena. To evaluate and manage volcanic risk, we need first to assess volcanic hazard (i.e., identify...

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Climate Change Communication and Indigenous Publics

Candis Callison.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Communication Studies. 12576 words.

Indigenous experiences with climate change have become increasingly visible through media stories of rising sea levels, heavy storms, and coastal erosion due to climate change in places as...

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Coastal Hazards, Risks, and Marine Extreme Events

Eduardo Marone, Ricardo de Camargo and Julio Salcedo Castro.

P ublished online October 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Oceanography and Hydrology; Atmospheric Sciences; Geophysics. 7286 words.

This article describes the threat costal hazards pose to existing life in light of climate change and natural disaster. It includes an overview of flooding, extreme waves, and other...

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Communicating Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience

Susanne C. Moser.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Communication Studies; Earth Sciences and Geography. 10920 words.

Communicating the impacts of climate change and possible adaptive responses is a relatively recent branch of the larger endeavor of climate change communication. This recent emergence, in...

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Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change

Tim Forsyth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science). 9423 words.

Community-based adaptation (CBA) to climate change is an approach to adaptation that aims to include vulnerable people in the design and implementation of adaptation measures. The most...

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Earthquake Risk Assessment

Max Wyss.

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Geology and the Lithosphere; Geophysics. 14205 words.

This article discusses the importance of assessing and estimating the risk of earthquakes. It begins with an overview of earthquake prediction and relevant terms, namely: earthquake hazard,...

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Earthquake Risk Assessment

Max Wyss.

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Geology and the Lithosphere; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science). 14175 words.

This article discusses the importance of assessing and estimating the risk of earthquakes. It begins with an overview of earthquake prediction and relevant terms, namely: earthquake hazard,...

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The Great Green Wall in the Sahel

Cheikh Mbow.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology; Earth Sciences and Geography. 9525 words.

For several decades, the Sahelian countries have been facing continuing rainfall shortages, which, coupled with anthropogenic factors, have severely disrupted the great ecological balance,...

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Physical Mechanisms Responsible for Track Changes and Rainfall Distributions Associated with Tropical Cyclone Landfall

Johnny C.L. Chan.

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Oceanography and Hydrology. 8086 words.

As a tropical cyclone approaches land, its interaction with the characteristics of the land (surface roughness, topography, moisture availability, etc.) will lead to changes in its track as...

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