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appropriate technology

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Sociology.

A technology which evolves or is developed in response to a particular set of needs, and in accordance with prevailing circumstances (Intermediate Techn. Dev. Group); ‘a development...

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blockbusting

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology — Earth Sciences and Geography.

A technique, used by estate agents in the USA, of inclining residents of a white neighbourhood to move out because they fear that the district is to be taken over by black families. See...

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concentric zone theory

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Sociology.

R. Park and E. Burgess (1925) suggested that the struggle for scarce urban resources, especially land, led to competition for land and resources, which ultimately led to the spatial...

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cultural turn

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Sport and Leisure.

The increased focus, from the 1990s onwards, on culture as a geographical agent and product: ‘a reorientation of human geography's interdisciplinary concerns toward the wide field of...

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economic determinism

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Sociology.

The thesis, as advanced by Marx and Engels, that economic factors underlie all of society's decisions. The social relations specific to a particular mode of production are said to structure...

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new international division of labour

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Sport and Leisure.

(NIDL)

A global division of labour associated with the growth of transnational corporations and the deindustrialization of the advanced economies. The most common pattern is for...

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occupational mobility

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology — Earth Sciences and Geography.

The ability of the individual to change jobs after the acquisition of a new skill. Using 1970 US census data, Lin and Christiadi (2006) Papers Reg. Sci. 85, 4 develop a set of loglinear...

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Traditional Methods of Polynesian Agriculture in Hawai’i

Noa Kekuewa Lincoln and Peter Vitousek.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Environmental History; Sociology; Agriculture and Farming. 322 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article.

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urban ecology

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Sociology.

The application of the principles of ecology to a study of urban environments. See also human ecology. Urban ecologists look at individual areas of the city in the context of the whole...

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