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Engineering and Technology x Environment x clear all

Acid Deposition

Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9328 words.

Acid deposition is one of the major environmental problems of the modern world. This broad term refers to a mix of wet and dry material containing high amounts of primarily nitrogen (N) and...

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Acid Deposition

Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9328 words.

Acid deposition is one of the major environmental problems of the modern world. This broad term refers to a mix of wet and dry material containing high amounts of primarily nitrogen (N) and...

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Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment

Heather Williams.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Environmental History; Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 10280 words.

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and...

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Anthropocene

Andrew Goudie.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 8360 words.

The term “Anthropocene” has Greek roots (anthropo meaning “human” and –cene meaning “new”). It is a new term for an older concept, and a great deal of argument concerns how it can be...

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Arid Environments

David S.G. Thomas.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9468 words.

Arid environments cover almost half the earth’s land surface and embrace a considerable range of environmental conditions. Terms such as arid, desert, and dryland are commonly used...

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Bush Encroachment

Timothy Gordon O'Connor and Nicola Stevens.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 13603 words.

Savannas are a significant biome within the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Australia, North America, South America, and Southeast Asia including India. On a global scale,...

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Carbon Dynamics

Asmeret Asefaw Berhe, Chelsea Arnold, Lixia Jin, Michael Kaiser and Rebecca Lever.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 11544 words.

The biogeochemical cycle of carbon (C) in the earth system controls fluxes, pools, and transformations associated with life’s most fundamental element. As the most basic building block for...

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Causes of Soil Salinization, Sodification, and Alkalinization

Elisabeth N. Bui.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography; Agriculture and Farming. 10003 words.

Driving forces for natural soil salinity and alkalinity are climate, rock weathering, ion exchange, and mineral equilibria reactions that ultimately control the chemical composition of soil...

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Classification and Mitigation of Soil Salinization

Tibor Tóth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 10205 words.

Soil salinity has been causing problems for agriculturists for millennia, primarily in irrigated lands. The importance of salinity issues is increasing, since large areas are affected by...

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Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture across Africa

Laura Pereira.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 12224 words.

Confidence in the projected impacts of climate change on agricultural systems has increased substantially since the first Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. In...

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