Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-10 of 11 items for:

Engineering and Technology x Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science) x clear all

Causes of Soil Salinization, Sodification, and Alkalinization

Elisabeth N. Bui.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography; Agriculture and Farming. 10003 words.

Driving forces for natural soil salinity and alkalinity are climate, rock weathering, ion exchange, and mineral equilibria reactions that ultimately control the chemical composition of soil...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Classification and Mitigation of Soil Salinization

Tibor Tóth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 10205 words.

Soil salinity has been causing problems for agriculturists for millennia, primarily in irrigated lands. The importance of salinity issues is increasing, since large areas are affected by...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture across Africa

Laura Pereira.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 12224 words.

Confidence in the projected impacts of climate change on agricultural systems has increased substantially since the first Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. In...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Economics of Low Carbon Agriculture

Dominic Moran and Jorie Knook.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sociology; Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8703 words.

Climate change is already having a significant impact on agriculture through greater weather variability and the increasing frequency of extreme events. International policy is rightly...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Environmental History of the Mississippi River and Delta

Christopher Morris.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Ecology and Conservation; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental History. 10360 words.

The Mississippi River, the longest in North America, is really two rivers geophysically. The volume is less, the slope steeper, the velocity greater, and the channel straighter in its upper...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Integrated Pest Management

Jesse Eiben.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming. 397 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article.

null...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Mining, Ecological Engineering, and Metals Extraction for the 21st Century

Margarete Kalin, William N. Wheeler, Michael P. Sudbury and Bryn Harris.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Sustainability. 25782 words.

The first treatise on mining and extractive metallurgy, published by Georgius Agricola in 1556, was also the first to highlight the destructive environmental side effects of mining and...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Nutrient Pollution and Wastewater Treatment Systems

Archis R. Ambulkar.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology. 11796 words.

Since the industrial revolution, societies across the globe have observed significant urbanization and population growth. Newer technologies, industries, and manufacturing plants have...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

The Role of Cover Crops in Agriculture and Their Environmental Significance

Helena Aronsson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 11210 words.

Growing a cover crop between main crops imitates natural ecosystems where the soil is continuously covered with vegetation. This is an important management practice in preserving soil...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Soil Salinization

Pichu Rengasamy.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 10180 words.

Salt accumulation in soils, affecting agricultural productivity, environmental health, and the economy of the community, is a global phenomenon since the decline of ancient Mesopotamian...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract