in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science
P ublished online January 2018 .
Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Ecology and Conservation; Environmental History. 15883 words.
The prospect of extinction, the complete loss of a species or other group of organisms, has long provoked strong responses. Until the turn of the 18th century, deeply held and widely shared...