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absolute dating

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Environmental Science.

A range of methods for determining the absolute age of an object or material, for example using radiometric dating which measures the decay product produced by radioactive decay in...

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adit

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Archaeology.

A more or less horizontal tunnel from a hillside into an underground mine, open to the surface at one end, that is used for access or drainage.

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aeolian deposit

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Archaeology.

[De]

Wind‐blown sediments characteristic of relatively dry periods, e.g. interpluvials or glacials with low precipitation. Aeolian deposits can easily bury sites and create well‐...

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antiquity

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Archaeology.

The collective name for prehistoric and historic artefacts, objects, structures, ruins, sites, and monuments that have some cultural or scientific significance and are considered to be...

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bed

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Environmental Science.

[De]

In geology, this term refers to the smallest formally recognized division in a sediment or rock formation within a defined stratigraphic series. In much Palaeolithic...

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cobble

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Archaeology.

A rock or particle of sediment that has a particle size between 64 and 256 millimetres (–6.0 to –8.0 on the phi (φ) scale).

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diamicton

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Archaeology.

A general term for unsorted, unstratified rock debris that is composed of a wide range of particle sizes and could be formed by a variety of different processes.

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gleying

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Environmental Science.

The reduction of iron in an anaerobic environment, which creates grey or blue colours mixed with rusty colours in soils. Also known as gleization.

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historic

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Archaeology.

[Ge]

Referring to the period after the advent of written historical records in a given geographical region. Historic Native American sites date to the time after the arrival of...

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Homo habilis

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Environmental Science.

A species of hominid that lived in East Africa between 1.9 and 1.8 million years ago. Homo habilis was the first hominid to make and use tools.

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