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Accounting for Ecological Capital

Susan Ogilvy and Robert Costanza.

in Ecology

P ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8246 words.

In this article, ecological-capital assets are defined in keeping with economic and accounting convention as classes of durable nonfinancial asset that are used to produce future benefits....

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Agroecology

David A. Cleveland.

in Ecology

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 11962 words.

In this article, “agroecology” is defined as a comprehensive perspective of agrifood systems including the relationships between the biophysical and sociocultural components and between...

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Aldo Leopold

Curt Meine.

in Ecology

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 18035 words.

Aldo Leopold (b. 1887–d. 1948) is best known as the author of the conservation classic A Sand County Almanac, and Sketches Here and There (Leopold 1949, cited under Books). The Almanac was...

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Allelopathy

Diego A. Sotomayor and Christopher J. Lortie.

in Ecology

P ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8196 words.

Allelopathy—the production by an organism of substances inhibitory or harmful to other organisms—as a concept has been utilized for more than 2,000 years, although the term was coined in...

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Allocation of Reproductive Resources in Plants

Andrew C. McCall.

in Ecology

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8929 words.

Plants, like other organisms, have a limited lifespan and limited resources to allocate during the time in which they grow and reproduce. Because plants are usually sessile and often very...

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Alpine Biome

Lazslo Nagy.

in Ecology

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 13060 words.

Temperature decreases with latitude from the equator to the poles and with elevation from the lowlands to mountains peaks. A parallel change in biota, most apparent in how plant growth...

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Antarctic Environments and Ecology

Roberto Bargagli.

in Ecology

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8652 words.

Greek philosophers suggested the existence of a southern landmass (Antarktikos) to “balance” the weight of lands known to exist in the Northern Hemisphere (under the constellation of...

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Anthropocentrism

Jonathan Padwe.

in Ecology

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 10384 words.

Anthropocentrism refers to a human-centered, or “anthropocentric,” point of view. In philosophy, anthropocentrism can refer to the point of view that humans are the only, or primary,...

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Applied Ecology

David K. Skelly and L. Kealoha Freidenburg.

in Ecology

P ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4724 words.

As its name suggests, applied ecology focuses on the application of ecological knowledge to address environmental challenges. Like all ecologists, applied ecologists study the distribution,...

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Aquatic Nutrient Cycling

Cédric Leo Meunier and Maarten Boersma.

in Ecology

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Applied Ecology (Environmental Science); Ecology and Conservation; Plant Ecology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5131 words.

In ecology, the use, transformation, movement, and reuse of nutrients in ecosystems is referred to as nutrient cycling. Nutrient cycles are part of the earth’s Biogeochemistry (Refer Oxford...

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