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Environmental Science x Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science) x clear all

Air Pollution and Weather Interaction in East Asia

Aijun Ding, Xin Huang and Congbin Fu.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Biomes and Habitats; Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 9986 words.

Air pollution is one of the grand environmental challenges in developing countries, especially those with high population density like China. High concentrations of primary and secondary...

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Atmospheric Brown Clouds

Sumit Sharma, Liliana Nunez and Veerabhadran Ramanathan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science). 8227 words.

Atmospheric brown clouds (ABCs) are widespread pollution clouds that can at times span an entire continent or an ocean basin. ABCs extend vertically from the ground upward to as high as 3...

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Biodiversity Hotspots and Conservation Priorities

Peter Kareiva and Isaac Kareiva.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science). 7148 words.

The concept of biodiversity hotspots arose as a science-based framework with which to identify high-priority areas for habitat protection and conservation—often in the form of nature...

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Ecological Effects of Environmental Stressors

Bill Freedman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science). 10360 words.

Regimes of environmental stress are exceedingly complex. Particular stressors exist within continua of intensity of environmental factors. Those factors interact with each other, and their...

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Economics of Low Carbon Agriculture

Dominic Moran and Jorie Knook.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sociology; Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8703 words.

Climate change is already having a significant impact on agriculture through greater weather variability and the increasing frequency of extreme events. International policy is rightly...

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Ecosystem Services and Human Health

Elisabet Lindgren and Thomas Elmqvist.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Sustainability. 5458 words.

Ecosystem services refer to benefits for human societies and well-being obtained from ecosystems. Research on health effects of ecosystem services have until recently mostly focused on...

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The Emergence of Environment as a Security Imperative

Felix Dodds.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Environmental History. 12774 words.

The emergence of environment as a security imperative is something that could have been avoided. Early indications showed that if governments did not pay attention to critical environmental...

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Extinction

Mark V. Barrow.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Ecology and Conservation; Environmental History. 15883 words.

The prospect of extinction, the complete loss of a species or other group of organisms, has long provoked strong responses. Until the turn of the 18th century, deeply held and widely shared...

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Material and Energy Flow Analysis

Vincent Moreau and Guillaume Massard.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sustainability; Research Methods in Life Sciences. 9523 words.

The concept of metabolism takes root in biology and ecology as a systematic way to account for material flows in organisms and ecosystems. Early applications of the concept attempted to...

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Monitoring and Modeling of Outdoor Air Pollution

Stefan Reis.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Research Methods in Life Sciences. 12139 words.

Air pollution has been a major threat to human health, ecosystems, and agricultural crops ever since the onset of widespread use of fossil fuel combustion and emissions of harmful...

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