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abortion

Robert Sallares.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: History of Gender and Sexuality; History of Science and Technology. 329 words.

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Agricultural Transformations in Sugarcane and Labor in Brazil

Thomas D. Rogers.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Labour History; History of Science and Technology. 10178 words.

The Portuguese took sugarcane from their Atlantic island holdings to Brazil in the first decades of the 16th century, using their model of extensive agriculture and coerced labor to turn...

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American and German Geography ca. 1820–1919

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 19866 words.

The kindergarten, the elementary school, and the university, as developed in America, were largely the product of German influence. Well-established German universities attracted young...

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The American Antinuclear Movement

Paul Rubinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; US Cultural History; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 13401 words.

Spanning countries across the globe, the antinuclear movement was the combined effort of millions of people to challenge the superpowers’ reliance on nuclear weapons during the Cold War....

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American Foreign Policy and the Space Race

Teasel Muir-Harmony.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 9071 words.

The Soviet Union’s successful launch of the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957, captured global attention and achieved the initial victory in what would soon become...

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American Geography and Geographers

Geoffrey J. Martin.

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Book. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 1240 pages.

Commencing in the 1820’s, American scholars took learning in Germany. There they confronted forms of geography in the universities, and learned of the normal school tradition. Upon their...

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Anatomy, Embroidery, and the Fabric of Celebrity

Lucia Dacome.

in Malleable Anatomies

June 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); History of Science and Technology. 18997 words.

Chapter 3 investigates the activities of the artificers Anna Morandi (1714–1774) and Giovanni Manzolini (1701–1755) by tracing the trajectory of their collection of anatomical waxworks. In...

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Antarctic Détente

Adrian Howkins.

in Frozen Empires

February 2017; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Modern History (1700 to 1945). 15005 words.

This chapter examines the origins of the 1959 Antarctic Treaty, which suspended sovereignty claims and reservations of rights to Antarctica and created “a continent dedicated to peace and...

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Antichthon/Antipodes

Alfred Hiatt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Ancient Greek History; History of Science and Technology. 1236 words.

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Artificer and Connoisseur

Lucia Dacome.

in Malleable Anatomies

June 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); History of Science and Technology. 20675 words.

Chapter 2 follows the making and early viewing of the anatomy room at the Institute of the Sciences. The chapter focuses on the impressive career of Ercole Lelli (1702–1766), the Bolognese...

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