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Agricultural Transformations in Sugarcane and Labor in Brazil

Thomas D. Rogers.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Labour History; History of Science and Technology. 10178 words.

The Portuguese took sugarcane from their Atlantic island holdings to Brazil in the first decades of the 16th century, using their model of extensive agriculture and coerced labor to turn...

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American and German Geography ca. 1820–1919

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 19866 words.

The kindergarten, the elementary school, and the university, as developed in America, were largely the product of German influence. Well-established German universities attracted young...

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The American Antinuclear Movement

Paul Rubinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; US Cultural History; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 13401 words.

Spanning countries across the globe, the antinuclear movement was the combined effort of millions of people to challenge the superpowers’ reliance on nuclear weapons during the Cold War....

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American Foreign Policy and the Space Race

Teasel Muir-Harmony.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 9071 words.

The Soviet Union’s successful launch of the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957, captured global attention and achieved the initial victory in what would soon become...

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American Geography and Geographers

Geoffrey J. Martin.

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Book. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 1240 pages.

Commencing in the 1820’s, American scholars took learning in Germany. There they confronted forms of geography in the universities, and learned of the normal school tradition. Upon their...

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The Association of American Geographers and the American Society for Professional Geographers

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 9620 words.

The Association of American Geographers, founded in 1904 with forty-eight members, was the product of the fecund mind of William Morris Davis. Membership increased very slowly. Meanwhile, a...

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The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) and the Role of Religion and Health in Central America

Susan Fitzpatrick-Behrens.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; History of Religion; History of Science and Technology. 8945 words.

The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) is a transnational, religiously influenced health program in Central America created during the Cold War. ASECSA was founded in...

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Childbirth and Breastfeeding in 20th-Century America

Jessica Martucci.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

Article. Subjects: American Women's History; History of Science and Technology. 395 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. Please check back later for the full article.

By...

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Disney Health Films in Mexico

María Rosa Gudiño Cejudo.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); History of Science and Technology. 6992 words.

In August 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, concerned with Nazi infiltration in the Americas and continental defense, created the Office of Inter-American Affairs (OIAA) and appointed...

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Early Modern Afro-Caribbean Healers

Pablo F. Gómez.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Caribbean History; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 7058 words.

In the early modern Spanish Caribbean, ritual practitioners of African descent were essential providers of health care for Caribbean people of all origins. Arriving from West and West...

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