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History of Science and Technology x History of the Americas x clear all

Agricultural Transformations in Sugarcane and Labor in Brazil

Thomas D. Rogers.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Labour History; History of Science and Technology. 10178 words.

The Portuguese took sugarcane from their Atlantic island holdings to Brazil in the first decades of the 16th century, using their model of extensive agriculture and coerced labor to turn...

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American and German Geography ca. 1820–1919

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 19866 words.

The kindergarten, the elementary school, and the university, as developed in America, were largely the product of German influence. Well-established German universities attracted young...

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American Geography and Geographers

Geoffrey J. Martin.

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Book. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 1240 pages.

Commencing in the 1820’s, American scholars took learning in Germany. There they confronted forms of geography in the universities, and learned of the normal school tradition. Upon their...

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The Association of American Geographers and the American Society for Professional Geographers

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 9620 words.

The Association of American Geographers, founded in 1904 with forty-eight members, was the product of the fecund mind of William Morris Davis. Membership increased very slowly. Meanwhile, a...

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The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) and the Role of Religion and Health in Central America

Susan Fitzpatrick-Behrens.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; History of Religion; History of Science and Technology. 8945 words.

The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) is a transnational, religiously influenced health program in Central America created during the Cold War. ASECSA was founded in...

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Disney Health Films in Mexico

María Rosa Gudiño Cejudo.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); History of Science and Technology. 6992 words.

In August 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, concerned with Nazi infiltration in the Americas and continental defense, created the Office of Inter-American Affairs (OIAA) and appointed...

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Early Modern Afro-Caribbean Healers

Pablo F. Gómez.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Caribbean History; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 7058 words.

In the early modern Spanish Caribbean, ritual practitioners of African descent were essential providers of health care for Caribbean people of all origins. Arriving from West and West...

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The Ecological Tradition in American Geography

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 19818 words.

During the nineteenth century, the idea of studying life, its many forms, in its different environments, began to assume a new earnestness. The idea was perhaps as old as the well-known...

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The Emergence of a Political Geography

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 25637 words.

Political geography, brought to eminence by F. Ratzel, followed by A. T. Mahan, H. J. Mackinder, and J. Scott Keltie, made its way into curricula of U.S. universities by the 1890s....

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The Emergence of Commercial and Economic Geography

Geoffrey Martin.

in American Geography and Geographers

February 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; History of Science and Technology. 23765 words.

The study of commercial and economic geography emerged in Western Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century along with a literature and a place in the university. Economic...

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