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The American Antinuclear Movement

Paul Rubinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; US Cultural History; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 13645 words.

Spanning countries across the globe, the antinuclear movement was the combined effort of millions of people to challenge the superpowers’ reliance on nuclear weapons during the Cold War....

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American Foreign Policy and the Space Race

Teasel Muir-Harmony.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 9071 words.

The Soviet Union’s successful launch of the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957, captured global attention and achieved the initial victory in what would soon become...

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American Radio and Technological Transformation from Invention to Broadcasting, 1900–1945

Michael A. Krysko.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; US Cultural History; History of Science and Technology. 13815 words.

Radio debuted as a wireless alternative to telegraphy in the late 19th century. At its inception, wireless technology could only transmit signals and was incapable of broadcasting actual...

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Childbirth and Breastfeeding in 20th-Century America

Jessica Martucci.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: American Women's History; History of Science and Technology. 10050 words.

By the end of the 19th century, the medical specialties of gynecology and obstetrics established a new trend in women’s healthcare. In the 20th century, more and more American mothers gave...

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The Environment in the Atomic Age

Rachel Rothschild.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 8223 words.

The development of nuclear technology had a profound influence on the global environment following the Second World War, with ramifications for scientific research, the modern environmental...

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Food in 19th-Century American Cities

Cindy R. Lobel.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1870-1900; US Cultural History; Urban History; History of Science and Technology. 9460 words.

Over the course of the 19th century, American cities developed from small seaports and trading posts to large metropolises. Not surprisingly, foodways and other areas of daily life changed...

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Infrastructure: Mass Transit in 19th- and 20th-Century Urban America

Jay Young.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; US History since 1945; Urban History; History of Science and Technology. 10139 words.

Mass transit has been part of the urban scene in the United States since the early 19th century. Regular steam ferry service began in New York City in the early 1810s and horse-drawn...

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Nuclear Arms Control in U.S. Foreign Policy

Jonathan Hunt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 14589 words.

The development of military arms harnessing nuclear energy for mass destruction has inspired continual efforts to control them. Since 1945, the United States, the Soviet Union, the United...

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The Panama Canal and the United States

Michael E. Donoghue.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1870-1900; Diplomatic History; History of Science and Technology. 11633 words.

The United States’ construction and operation of the Panama Canal began as an idea and developed into a reality after prolonged diplomatic machinations to acquire the rights to build the...

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Print, the Press, and the American Revolution

Robert G. Parkinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Early 19th Century US History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 8446 words.

According to David Ramsay, one of the first historians of the American Revolution, “in establishing American independence, the pen and press had merit equal to that of the sword.” Because...

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