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Britten, James

William T. Stearn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Botany. 753 words.

Britten, James (1846–1924), botanist and Roman Catholic propagandist, was born on 3 May 1846 at 18 Shawfield Street, Chelsea, London, the son of James Alexander Britten, bookseller, and his...

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5. Definitions, types, domains

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 5010 words.

The word “ritual” is used in three different, though related, ways. First, ritual is conceived as a kind of action. Second, ritual is a cultural domain, arena, stage, or field, in and out...

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Gosse, Philip Henry

L. R. Croft.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 2326 words.

Gosse, Philip Henry (1810–1888), zoologist and religious writer, was born on 6 April 1810 at the High Street, Worcester, the second of four children of Thomas Gosse (1765–1844) a mezzotint...

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Introduction

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 1170 words.

The ‘Introduction’ asks what is ritual? Is ritual useful? What are the various kinds of ritual? It suggests that to think about ritual is to reflect on human nature, sociality, and culture....

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Ritual

Barry Stephenson.

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 144 pages.

Ritual is part of what it means to be human. It defines and enriches culture, but what is ritual? What are the various kinds of ritual? Is ritual tradition bound and conservative or...

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3. Ritual and society

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 4468 words.

What does ritual do? Sociological and anthropological theory of the first half of the twentieth century proposes that ritual—secular or sacred—binds groups together, ensuring their...

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2. Ritual and the origins of culture

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 5182 words.

From an ethological perspective, ritual must have been present at the beginnings of humanity and ritualization played an adaptive role in the course of both biological and cultural...

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4. Ritual and transformation

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 4866 words.

There are many rites that traffic in symbols and processes of transformation: healing rites, funerary rites, magic, sacrifice, rites of inversion, and rites of passage. Ritual theorists...

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6. Ritual as performance

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 4906 words.

Cross-culturally, ritual typically includes elements commonly associated with performance events: music or rhythmic accompaniment; dance or other stylized bodily movements; and masking,...

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1. Ritualization

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 4731 words.

‘Ritualization’ considers one of the cornerstones of ritual studies—ritualization. It begins with ethology, the study of animal behaviour and goes on to discuss ritualization theory and how...

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