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accelerator mass spectrometry

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Ecology and Conservation.

(AMS)

A technique for radiocarbon dating in which a cyclotron is used to measure directly the number of 14C atoms or the proportion of 14C to 12C and 13C atoms in the sample....

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antler

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — Archaeology.

Bony growths borne on the heads of deer (Cervidae). Antlers are shed each year at the end of the rut and regrown the following year, producing more branches with each year. The antlers are...

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Archaic and transitional hominins

in Human Evolution

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeology; Biological Sciences; Human Evolution. 3512 words.

‘Archaic and transitional hominins’ deals with creatures that almost certainly belong to the hominin clade, but which are still far from resembling modern humans. These hominins share more...

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auger

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Biological Sciences.

A tool used primarily for soil sampling, but also for sampling peats and other unconsolidated sediments. The simplest and most universal form has a screw head to bore the soil or sediment....

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Cro-Magnon man

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Biological Sciences.

[De]

A general and rarely used term that refers in a collective way to modern humans, Homo sapiens sapiens, of the period 35 000 to 10 000 years ago. The name comes from the...

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Early hominins: possible and probable

in Human Evolution

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeology; Biological Sciences; Human Evolution. 2974 words.

‘Early hominins: possible and probable’ considers the ‘candidate’ taxa that have been suggested to be at the very base of the hominin clade. Hominin evolution in Africa began at a time of...

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elm decline

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Ecology and Conservation.

The sharp decrease in the amount of elm (Ulmus) pollen that occurs throughout north-western Europe in soil horizons radiocarbon-dated within 100–200 years of 5000 bp. Associated changes in...

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Fertile Crescent

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Archaeology.

A crescent-shaped region in the Middle East that in ancient times stretched along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea through the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers to the...

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Finding our place

Bernard Wood.

in Human Evolution

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeology; Biological Sciences; Human Evolution. 5023 words.

‘Finding our place’ reviews the history of how philosophers and then scientists came to realize that humans are part of the natural world. Classical philosophers believed mankind evolved...

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Fossil hominins: analysis and interpretation

in Human Evolution

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeology; Biological Sciences; Human Evolution. 5568 words.

‘Fossil hominins: analysis and interpretation’ explains how researchers determine how many species there are within the hominin clade. The Linnean system provides a taxonomy into which new...

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