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Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist

Anthony J. Gaston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Surgery. 644 words.

Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army...

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albatross

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Zoology and Animal Sciences.

The albatross is traditionally believed to bring bad luck, and the word is used for a source of frustration or guilt or an encumbrance, in allusion to Coleridge's poem about the Ancient Mar...

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Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist

O. J. R. Howarth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ornithology; World History; Travel and Holiday. 908 words.

Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist, born at Willesley Place, Cranbrook, Kent, on 16 January 1873, was a twin son (with Robert Alexander) of Colonel Boyd Francis...

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Andrews, Roy Chapman

Jan S. Ballard.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 1379 words.

Andrews, Roy Chapman (26 January 1884–11 March 1960), explorer and zoologist, was born in Beloit, Wisconsin, the son of Charles Ezra Andrews, a wholesale druggist, and Cora May Chapman. As...

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Bailey, Frederick Marshman (1882–1967), explorer and naturalist

George Taylor.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; World History; Maps and Map-making; Asian History. 1454 words.

Bailey, Frederick Marshman (1882–1967), explorer and naturalist, elder son of Major (later Lieutenant-Colonel) Frederick Bailey of the Royal Engineers, was born on 3 February 1882 at...

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Bartram, John (1699–1777), botanist and explorer in America

Frank N. Egerton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas; Botany. 1368 words.

Bartram, John (1699–1777), botanist and explorer in America, was born on 23 May 1699 on a farm at Marple, Pennsylvania, near Darby, the elder of two sons of William Bartram (d. 1711),...

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Battye, Aubyn Bernard Rochfort Trevor- (1855–1922), traveller and naturalist

Martin H. Evans.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1129 words.

Battye, Aubyn Bernard Rochfort Trevor- (1855–1922), traveller and naturalist, was born at Hever, Kent, on 17 July 1855, the second son in the family of two sons and three daughters of...

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beaver

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — History of the Americas.

The beaver is often taken as a type of industry, from its habit of gnawing through tree-trunks to make dams. Recorded from Old English (in form beofor) and of Germanic origin, the word...

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Beer, Sir Gavin Rylands de (1899–1972), zoologist and historian

John Young.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 885 words.

Beer, Sir Gavin Rylands de (1899–1972), zoologist and historian, was born on 1 November 1899 at Malden, Surrey, the only son and elder child of Herbert Chaplin de Beer, journalist, and his...

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Bell, Julia (1879–1979), geneticist

Greta Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Human Genetics; Social and Cultural History. 1376 words.

Bell, Julia (1879–1979), geneticist, was born on 28 January 1879 at Sherwood, Nottinghamshire. She was tenth of the fourteen children of James Bell, printer, and Katherine Thomas Heap. She...

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